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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The performance guideline in ASTM D3691 states that fabrics should not change more than _______ in their lengthwise and crosswise dimensions after being laundered five times or dry cleaned three times.
3 percent
Bursting strength is measured for all of the following fabrics except:
a. woven
b. knitted
c. knotted
d. twisted
b. knitted
Lightfastness of interior fabrics is determined using the:
Gray Scale for Color Change
Which of the following is most commonly used to closely simulate natural light:
a. Weather-Ometer
b. carbon-arc lamp
c. xenon-arc lamp
c. xenon-arc lamp
breaking force
Inidcates the load required to rupture a fiber, yarn or fabric.
burnt gas fumes
Such atmospheric gases as nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide
bursting strength
Force required to rupture a knitted fabric.
dimensional stability
Ability of a textile structure to maintain its size and shape after use and care.
distortion of yarn
Yarn shifting, slipping, or sliding over others, producing areas having different levels of transparency.
durable press resins
Chemical treatment used to imp;rove the resiliencey of fabrics composed of cellulose fibers.
Loss of or weakening of the original color characteristics.
heat setting
Use of heat to stabilize thermoplastic fibers, improving their dimensional stability and that of yarns and fabrics composed of them; also improves resiliency.
Movement of dye through fabrfic; results in varied levels of intensity.
preventive maintenance
Protective cleaning procedures intended to capture soil and grit in track off, funnel, and cocnentrated traffic areas.
restorative maintenance
Maintenance involving overall or wall-to-wall cleaning
routine maintenance
Practices such as regular vacuuming to remove accumulated dust.
shift mark
Distorted yarn group.
tear strength
Used to predict the likelihood that a small cut or puncture would become a large tear with continued use.
Resistance of colored textiles to fading, bleeding, migration, and/or color change when laundered.