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40 Cards in this Set

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epipadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
hypospadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect can occur in the female
polycystic kidney disease
condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
renal calculi
stones in the kidney
renal hypertension
elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease.
sepsis
a conditoin in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the blood stream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection (also called septicemia)
urinary retention
abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate
urinary suppression
sudden stoppage of urine formation
urinary tract infection
infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
extracopreal shock wave lithotrispy (ESWL)
a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stone(s). By using ultrasound and fluorscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. Repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine.
fulguration
Destruction of living tissue with an electric spark.
renal transplant
Surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfuctions kidney.
Diagnostic Imaging KUB (kindey, ureter, and bladder)
A simple x-ray image of the abdomen. It is often used to view the kidneys, ureters, and bladder to determine size, shape, and location. Also used to identify calculi in the kidney ureters or bladder or to diagnose intestinal obstruction.
What are the three main functions of the kidneys?
1. Filtration
2. Reabsorption
3. Secretion
Laboratory blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
A blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood. Used to determine kidney function. An increased BUN indicates renal dysfunction.
creatinine
A blood test that measures the amount of creatinine in the blood. An elevated amount indicates impaired kidney function.
specific gravity (SG)
A test performed on a urine specimem to measure the concentration of diluting ability of the kidneys.
urinalysis (UA)
Multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen.
catheter (cath)
Flexible, tubelike device, such as a urinary catheter, for with drawing or instilling fluids.
distended
Stretch out (a bladder is distended when filled with urine)
diuretic
Agent that increases the formation and excretion of urine.
enuresis
involuntary urination (bed-wetting)
Hemodialysis
Procedure for removing impurities from the blood because of an inability of the kidneys to do so.
incontinence
Inability to control bladder and/or bowels.
micturate
To urinate or void.
peritoneal dialysis
Procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidney is unable to do so; the peritoneal cavity is used as the receptacle for the fluid used in the dialysis.
sticture
Abnormal narrowing, such as a urethral stricture.
urinal
Receptacle for urine.
urinary catheterization
Passage of a catheter into the urinary bladder to withdraw urine.
urodynamics
Pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract.
void
To empty or evacuate waste material, especially urine.
kidneys
Two ben-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balances.
nepron
Urine-producing microscpic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.
glomerulus
Cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
renal pelvis
Funnel-shapped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter.
hilium
Identation of the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney.
ureters
Two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches long, that receive the urine from the kidney and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder.
Urinary bladder
Muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.
urethra
Lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches long in the female and 8 inches in the male, in whom it is also part of the reproductive system. It carries seminal fluid (semen)at the time of ejaculation.
urinary meatus
Opening through which the urine passes to the outside.