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136 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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aden/o
gland
combining form for body structure
cyt/o
cell
combining form for body structure
epitheli/o
epithelium
combining form for body structure
fibr/o
fiber
combining form for body structure
hist/o
tissue
combining form for body structure
kary/o
nucleus
combining form for body structure
lip/o
fat
combining form for body structure
my/o
muscle
combining form for body structure
neur/o
nerve
combining form for body structure
organ/o
organ
combining form for body structure
sarc/o
flesh, connective tissue
combining form for body structure
system/o
system
combining form for body structure
viscer/o
internal organs
combining form for body structure
cancer/o
cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
carcin/o
cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
eti/o
cause (of disease)
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
gno/o
knowledge
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
iatr/o
physician, medicine (also measn treatment)
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
lei/o
smooth
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
onc/o
tumor, mass
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
path/o
disease
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
rhabd/o
rod-shapped, striated
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
somat/o
body
combining form commonly used with body structure terms
chlor/o
green
color
chrom/o
color
color
cyan/o
blue
color
erythr/o
red
color
leuk/o
white
color
melan/o
black
color
xanth/o
yellow
color
dia-
through, complete
prefix
dys-
painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
prefix
hyper-
above, excessive
prefix
hypo-
below, incomplete, deficient
prefix
meta-
after, beyond, change
prefix
neo-
new
prefix
pro-
before
prefix
al
pertaining to
suffix
ic
pertaining to
suffix
ous
pertaining to
suffix
cyte
cell
suffix
gen
substance or agent that produces or causes
suffix
genesis
origin, cause
suffix
genic
producing, originating, causeing
suffix
logist
one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
suffix
logy
study of
suffix
oid
resembling
suffix
oma
tumor, swelling
suffix
osis
abnormal condition (means increase when used with blood cell word roots)
suffix
pathy
disease
suffix
plasia
condition of formation, development, growth
suffix
plasm
growth, substance, formation
suffix
sarcoma
malignant tumor
suffix
sis
state of
suffix
stasis
control, stop, standing
suffix
adenocarcinoma
cancerous tumor composed of glandular tissue
adeno/carcin/oma
adenoma
tumor composed of glandular tissue
adeno/oma
carcinoma (Ca)
cancerous tumor (malignant)
carcin/oma
chloroma
tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
chlor/oma
epithelioma
tumor composed of epithelium
epitheli/oma
fibroma
tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
fibr/oma
fibrosarcoma
malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
fibro/sarcoma
leiomyoma
tumor of smooth muscle
lei/o/my/oma
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
lei/o/my/sarcoma
lipoma
tumor composed of fat
lip/oma
liposarcoma
malignant tumor composed of fat
lip/o/sarcoma
melanocarcinoma
cancerous black tumor (malignant)
melano/carcin/oma
melanoma
black tumor (primarily of the skin)
melan/oma
myoma
tumor composed of muscle
my/oma
neoplasm
new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
neo/plasm
neuroma
tumor composed of nerve
neur/oma
rhabdomyoma
tumor of striated muscle
rhbdo/my/oma
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of straiated muscle
rhbdo/myo/sarcoma
sarcoma
tumor composed of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)
sarc/oma
benign
not malignant, favorable for recovery
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
carcinoma in situ
cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
chemotherapy (chemo)
treatment of cancer with drugs
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
encapsulated
enclosed in a capsul, as with bengn tumors
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
exacerbation
increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
idiopathic
pertaining to disease of unknown origin
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
inflammation
response to injury or destruciton of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
in vitro
within a glass, observable within a test tube
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
in vivo
within the living body
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
malignant
tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
radiation therapy (RXT)
treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (also called radiation oncology adn radiotherapy)
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
remission
improvment or absence of signs of disease
Oncology Terms not built from word parts
cancerous
pertaining to cancer
cancer/ous
carcinogen
substance that causes cancer
carcin/o/gen
carcinogenic
producing cancer
carcin/o/genic
cyanosis
abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
cyan/o/sis
cytogenic
producing cells
cyt/o/genic
cytoid
resembling a cell
cyt/oid
cytology
study of cells
cyt/o/olgy
cytoplasm
cell substance
cyt/o/plasm
diagnosis (Dx)
state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
dia/gno/sis
dysplasia
abnormal development
dys/plasia
epithelial
pertaining to epithelium
epitheli/al
erythrocyte (RBC)
red (blood) cell
erythr/o/cyte
erythrocyteosis
iincrease in the number of (red) blood cells
erythr/o/cyte/osis
etiology
study of causes (of diseases)
eti/o/logy
histology
study of tissue
hist/o/logy
hyperplasia
excessive development (number of cells)
hyper/plasia
hypoplasia
incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)
hypo/plasia
iatrogenic
produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment perscribed by a physician)
iatr/o/genic
iatrology
study of medicine
iatr/o/logy
karyocyte
cell with a nucleus
kary/o/cyte
leukocyte
white (blood) cell
leuk/o/cyte
leukocytosis
increase in the numebr of (white) blood cells
leuk/o/cyt/osis
lipoid
resembling fat
lip/oid
metastasis (pl. metastases) (mets)
beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
meta/stasis
myopathy
disease of the muscle
my/o/pathy
neopathy
new disease
neo/pathy
neuroid
resembling a nerve
neur/oid
oncongenic
causing tumors
onc/o/genic
oncologist
a physician who studies and treats tumors
onc/o/logist
oncology
study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
pathogenic
producing disease
path/o/gen/ic
pathologist
a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and preforms autopsoes to determine the cause of disease or death)
path/o/logist
pathology
study of disease ( a brance of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
path/o/logy
prognosis (Px)
state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
pro/gno/sis
somatic
pertaining to the body
somat/ic
somatogenic
originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
somat/o/genic
somatopathy
disease of the body
somat/o/pathy
somatoplasm
body substance
somat/o/plasm
systemic
pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)
system/ic
visceral
pertaining to the internal organs
viscer/al
xanthochromic
pertaining to yellow color
xanth/o/chromic
xanthosis
abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
xanth/o/sis
Ca
carcinoma
abbreviation
chemo
chemotherapy
abbreviation
Dx
diagnosis
abbreviation
mets
metastasis
abbreviation
Px
prognosis
abbreviation
RBC
red (blood) cell
abbreviation
RXT
Radiation therapy
abbreviation
WBC
white (blood) cell
abbreviation