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62 Cards in this Set

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sleep deprivation
a syndrome caused by decreases in amount, quality, and consistency of sleep; produces a variety of physiologic and behavioral symptoms, the severity of which depend on the degree of deprivation.
Acculturation
the blending of attitudes and beliefs; process by which members of a foreign culture learn the values and behaviors of a culture to which they have immigrated
Assimilation
see Acculturation. the blending of attitudes and beliefs; process by which members of a foreign culture learn the values and behaviors of a culture to which they have immigrated
Bicultural
used to describe a person who crosses two cultures, lifestyles, and sets of values
Biomedical health belief
see Scientific health belief. Based on the belief that life and life processes are controlled by physical and biochemical processes that can be manipulated by humans.
CulturalCare
concept that describes the provision of nursing care across cultural boundaries and takes into account the context in which the client lives and the situations in which the client’s health problems arise
Culturally appropriate
application of underlying background knowledge that must be possessed to provide a given client with the best possible health care
Culturally competent
within the delivered care the nurse understands and attends to the total context of the client's situation and uses a complex combination of knowledge, attitudes, and skills
Culturally sensitive
care that demonstrates basic knowledge of and constructive attitudes towards the health traditions observed among the diverse cultural groups found in the setting
Culture
a world view and set of traditions used and transmitted from generation to generation by a particular group, includes related attitudes and institutions
Culture shock
a disorder that occurs in response to transition from one cultural setting to another
Discrimination
the differential treatment of individuals or groups
Diversity
the fact or state of being different
Ethnic
belonging to a specific group of individuals who share a common social and cultural heritage
Folk medicine
beliefs and practices relating to illness prevention and healing that derive from cultural traditions rather than from modern medicine’s scientific base
Health
the balance of the person, both within one’s being, physical, mental, and spiritual—and in the outside world—natural, communal, and metaphysical
Heritage consistency
(Estes and Zitzow) the degree to which one’s lifestyle reflects his or her respective tribal culture
Heritage inconsistency
the observance of the beliefs and practices of one’s acculturated belief system
Holistic health belief
holds that the forces of nature must be maintained in balance or harmony
Interpreter
an individual who mediates spoken communication between people speaking different languages without adding, omitting, or distorting meaning or editorializing
Magico-religious health belief view
a belief system in which people attribute the fate of the world and those in it to the actions of God, the gods, or other supernatural forces for good or evil
Modern
one’s acculturated belief system; the opposite of traditional
Prejudice
a negative belief or preference that is generalized about a group and that leads to "prejudgment"
Race
classification of people according to shared biologic characteristics and physical features
Religion
an organized system of worship
Scientific health belief
based on the belief that life and life processes are controlled by physical and biochemical processes that can be manipulated by humans
Socialization
a process by which a person learns the ways of a group or society in order to become a functioning participant
Stereotyping
assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike
Subculture
usually composed of people who have a distinct identity and yet are related to a larger cultural group
Traditional
observance of the beliefs and practices of one’s heritage cultural belief system
Translator
a person who converts written material (such as patient education pamphlets) from one language into another
Agnostic
a person who doubts the existence of God or a supreme being or believes the existence of God has not been proved
Atheist
one who denies the existence of God
Faith
an active "mode of being-in-relation" to another or others in which we invest commitment, belief, love, and hope
Holy day
a day set aside for special religious observance
Hope
a multidimensional concept that includes perceiving realistic expectations and goals, having motivation to achieve goals, anticipating outcomes, establishing trust and interpersonal relationships, relying on internal and external resources, having determination to endure, and being oriented to the future
Kosher
acceptable or prepared according to Jewish law
Meditation
a substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment, mitigation, or prevention of disease
Monotheism
belief in the existence of one God
Polytheism
the belief in more than one God
Prayer
human communication with divine and spiritual entities
Presencing
being present, being there, or just being with a client
Religion
an organized system of worship
Spiritual health
see Spiritual well-being
Spiritual distress
a disturbance in or a challenge to a person’s belief or value system that provides strength, hope, and meaning to life
Spirituality
belief in or relationship with some higher power, creative force, driving being, or infinite source of energy
Spiritual well-being
a feeling of inner peace and of being generally alive, purposeful, and fulfilled; the feeling is rooted in spiritual values and/or specific religious beliefs
Transcendence
a person’s recognition that there is something other or greater than the self and a seeking and valuing of that greater other, whether it is an ultimate Being, Force, or Value
culture
the knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by humans as members of society.
cultural diversity
element definitions based on skin color, religion, geographic area, disabilities, gender, social class, physical appearance, ideologies, and sexual orientation.
Subculture
large groups of people who share characteristics that enable them to be identified as a distinct ethnicity.
Minority
group of people whose physical or cultural characteristics differ from the majority of people in a society.
Transcultural Nursing
also defined as cross-cultural, intercultural, or multicultural nursing, refers to a formal area of study and practice that focuses on the cultural care (caring) values, beliefs and practices of individuals and groups from a particular culture.
Culture Care Accommodation
those professional actions and decisions that a nurse makes in his or her care to help people of a designated culture achieve a beneficial or satisfying health outcome.
Acculturation
is the process by which members of a cultural group adapt to or learn how to take o the behaviors of another group
Cultural Blindness
the inability of a person to recognize his or her own values, beliefs, and practices and those of others because of strong ethnocentric tendencies (the tendency to view one's own culture as a superior to others.)
Culturally Competent Nursing care
See Congurent nursing care. effective, individualized care that considers cultural values, is culturally aware and sensitive, and incorporates cultural skills.
Congurent Nursing Care
See Culturally Competent Nursing Care. The complex integration of attitudes, knowledge, and skills (including assessment, decision making, judgments, critical thinking, and evaluation) that enables the nurse to provide care in a culturally sensitive and appropriate manner.
Cultural Imposition
The tendency to impose one's cultural beliefs, values, and pattern of behavior on a person or person from a different culture
Cultural Taboos
Activities governed by rules or behavior that are avoided, forbidden, or prohibited by a particular cultural group.
Alternative medical system
Complete systems of theory and practice that are different from conventional medicine.
Cultural Nursing Assessment
systematic appraisal or examination of individuals, families, groups, and communities in terms of their cultural beliefs, values, and practices.