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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diversity
differences among people of different population groups
diversity
differences among people of different population groups
ethnicity
a cultural group's perception of itself. Includes common heritage, religious practices, political interests, folklore, language and dialect and employment patterns
race
grouping of people based on their biological similarities
stereotyping
belief that all people of one race, ethnic or cultural group will respond alike and all share the same beliefs and attitudes.
cultural competency
ability, knowledge and skill used to provide safe and effective health care regardless of population/ setting
WHO
health is not only the absence of disease, but also complete physical, mental, and social wellness
African American
believe in either a supernatural or non supernatural view of disease. Disease is a disharmony in relationships. Healing comes with restoration of harmony through prayer, meditation and therapeutic activities. Disease may be considered punishment from God/higher being for a serious infraction
European-Americans
believe illness has a known cause that can be treated or cured
Hispanic Americans
Wellness is reward for good behavior. Illness is punishment for sin by God. A native healer(CURANDERA) may intervene to cure diseases of a supernatural nature. Tx can be based on hot and cold foods, wearing of medals and herbal potions
Asian Americans
Yin and Yang are opposing forces that when in balance yield health. Meditation, exercise are used to restore balance. Males are heads of household and elders are respected. Yin(cold)Yang (hot)
Native Americans
Illness is caused by discord with forces of nature. Prayer, charms fetishes, may provide prevention of disease. Balance between body, mind and environment
Time orientation
Future
People of the US, Japanese, JEws and Arabs view time as a commodity for achieving future goals
Time orientation
Past
Asians reflected by ancestor worship
Time orientation
Present
Native Americans so much so that they do not own clocks and show little concern for the future. Mexicans and African Americans are more present oriented.
Space orientation
Close
Arab, Southern Europe and African sit or stand relatively close 0-18 inches
Space orientation
Far
Asian, Northern European, North American prefer larger personal space (+ 18 inches)
Gender roles

male-dominant
Latino, hispanic, muslim, arab
Gender roles

female dominant
african american, europe americans