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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sacculation is charactaristic feature of...
the large intestine
the upper portion of the duodenum has numerous clusters of mucous cells called...
brunner's glands
insulin is secreted by which type of pancreatic cells?
beta cells
carboxypeptidase is an __________ pancreatic enzyme
inactive
the most common activator for pancreatic enymes is
trypsin
what stimulates the stomach to secrete hydrochloric acid?
gastrin
bile is made of...
fatty acids & cholesterol
what artery provides vascularization to the cecum and appendix?
iliocolic artery
dilation of rectal veins are called....
hemorroids
what is an active proteolytic enzyme with a precursor secreted by chief cells?
pepsin
is aldosterone a mineralocortioid or a glucocorticoid?
mineralocorticoid
What is secreted in urine
urea, calcium, phosphates,sodium, water
the left colic artery is a branch of which artery?
Inferior mesenteric artery
during chronic stress the body secretes.....
corticosteroids
what forms the renal pyramids?
collecting tubules
the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the ....
hepatic vein
the round ligament of liver was the________________ before birth
left umbilical vein
the common bile duct joins with the main pancreatic duct to form the
ampulla of vater
rugae are features of the
stomach
parsympathetic stimulation to the stomach leads to
increased HCL secretion
the styloglossus muscsle is innervated by which cranial nerve?
CN XII
A digestive enzyme found in saliva is....
amylase
what type of epithelium forms the mucosa of the esophagus?
stratified squamous epithelium
the muscle layer of the stomach has____ layers
3
epigastric pain is relieved upon eating in...
a gastric ulcer
the main source of blood supply to the stomach is
the celiac trunk
what converts pepsinogen into pepsin?
HCl
responsible for the majority of gastric ulcer cases is
H.pylori
a cell that secretes 5 hydroxytryptamine is
enterochromaffin cell
gastric cancer tends to occur in the...
greater curvature
what stimulates the contraction of the gallbladder?
1 presence of fat in stomach or duodenum
2 enterogastrone reflex
the smallest lobe of the liver is the
caudate lobe
hepatic veins drain blood into the...
IVC
a hypoglycemic agent
insulin
hepatocytes secrete
1 bile
2 cholesterol
3 albumin
4 prothrombin
insulin is secreted by
beta cells
capsule of glisson is part of the...
liver
majority of gallstones are made of
cholesterol
a powerful proteolytic enzyme
amylase
porta hepatis does not have
hepatic veins
blood in renal vein drains into the
IVC
the renal cortex houses
glomeruli
most toxins in the blood are retained for release into the urine at the _________ of the nephron
convoluted tubules
urine in the renal plevis drains immediately in the
ureter
the kidney secretes...
erythropoietin & renin
kidney stone is typically the size of
a grain of rice
the urethra is connected to
the urinary bladder
the renal artery is a branch of the
abdominal aorta
the superior pole of the right kidney is in contact with the
liver
collecting tubules form the
renal pyramids
most common renal disease is
pyelonephritis
the________ kidney is higher
left
a normal individual has how many nephrons?
one million
the most common waste product in urine is
urea
promotes the formation of kidney stones
protein intake
renal veins drain into the
IVC
a hormone that influences the function of the kidney
antidiuretic hormone
normally released in urine
sodium chloride
________ are not found in the adrenal glands
parasympathetic fibers
chronic stress increases secretion of
cortisol
layers of the adrenal cortex
zona reticularis
zona fasciculata
zona glomerulosa
hormone relased in acute stress
adrenalin (epinephrine/norepinephrine_
what type of gland is the adrenal gland?
endocrine gland
adrenal glands has:
capsule
cortex
medulla
adrenal gland regulates
1 electrolyte balance
2 carb metabolism
3 protein metabolism
4 fat metabolism
5 ph balance
superior part of stomach is
fundus
attached to the greater curvature is
the greater omentum
primary source of blood supply to the stomach is
the celiac trunk
the innermost muscular layer of the stomach is the
oblique
intrinsic factor is secreted by which gastric cell
parietal cells
in the presence of acid, which enzyme is formed?
pepsin
Defiency of __________ leads to pernicious anemia
Vitamin b12
sympathetic stimulation to the stomach leads to
decreased peristalsis
which gastric secretion can regulate the diameter of gastric blood vessels?
5 hydroxytryptamine (seratonin)
parasympathetic nerves to the stomach are found in
the vagus nerve
the angular incisure is found in the _______ curvature of the stomach
lesser
gastrin trigger the release of
HCl
a hyperglycemic agent
glucagon
normal blood glucose level
90mg/100ml
largest and heaviest organ of body
liver
hepatic veins are not found in the _________,they begin in the liver and drain into the _________
porta hepatis
IVC
rotaion of pancreas =
270 degrees
inuslin is a ______ agent, brings blood sugar____
hypoglycemic
down
glucagon is ________ agent, it brings blood sugar _____
hyperglycemic
up
blood sugar <60 =
hypoglycemic
blood sugar > 200
diabetic
blood supply of liver
celiac trunk
blood supply of pancreas
celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery
In the ______ sympathetic controls mucous secretion and parasympathetic controls acid secretion
stomach
In the _______ the sympathetic controls acid secretion and the parasympathetic controls mucous secretion
duodenum
more lymph node aggregation in the ____ thand the _____ because ther bacteria is full blown in the _____
ileum
jejunum
ileum
what are the bacteria in the ileum called?
e.coli
vagus nerve ends at the
transverse colon
A CARDIA
AB FUNDUS
AC BODY
AD LESSER CURVATURE
AE ANGULAR INCISURE
B CARDIAC INCISURE
BC PYLORIC SPHINCTR
BD PYLORIC CANAL
BE PYLORIC ANTRUM
C ESOPHAGUS
CA GREATER CURVATURE
LABEL
A IVC
AB LEFT LOBE
AC CAUDATE LOBE
AD RIGHT LOBE
AE PORTAL VEIN
B GALLBLADDER
BC COMMON BILE DUCT
C QUADRATE LOBE
CE HEPATIC ARTERY
D FALCIFORM LIGAMENT
LABEL
A RENAL PYRAMID
AB RENAL PELVIS
AC URETER
B RENAL CAPSULE
BC MINOR CALYX
C MAJOR CALYX
CD PAPILLA
D RENAL SINUS
DE RENAL COLUMN
E RENAL CORTEX
LABEL
A HAUSTRA
AB DESCENDING COLON
AC TRANSVERSE COLON
AD ASCENDING COLON
AE APPENDIX
B APPENDICES EPIPLOICEA
BC RECTUM
BD TENIA COLI
C CECUM
D SIGMOID COLON
E ILEUM
LABEL