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16 Cards in this Set

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the most radical members of the French Revolution who took it over. Their name comes from meeting originally at the convent of the Jacobins, so that they were called the Jacobin Club.
civil constitution of the clergy
a document written up by the National Asssembly that made a reduction in the number of bishoprics, made bishops and priests elected by the people and made all clergymen in France say that they were not tied to Rome or the Pope. THis caused a huge scandal because the pope said that anyone who signed the document would be excommunicated, so many clergmen didn't sign it. This split people's opinions. Plus, some clergymen who didn't sign it were harassed and even killed.
Fete de la federation
the party held on July 14, the storming of the bastille. It was held on the champs du mar and was a show of pride for the revolution. National Guardsmen and Federers came from all around the country to celebrate. The king was forced to pledge his allegiance to the revolution.
hans Axel, Count von Fersen
helped the Royal family escape from Paris
Jean Baptiste Drouet
the postmaster who spotted the King and Queen in disguise. He galloped off after them. If he had not recognized them and INSISTED it was them, they would have escaped.
Jean Baptiste Sauce
a grocer who stopped the berlin the King and Queen were in. He really thought that the papers they had were good, and he thought Drouet had made a mistake, but Drouet insisted, and it was finally found out that Drouet was right.
local governors apppointed by the revolution, by the National Assembly that is, to be regional governors in place of the king's appointed feudal people
What were some of the reforms passed by the National Assembly?
king was called king of the French instead of king of France; the civil constitution; judges were elected by the people and paid by the state; local government was transformed; the land of the Church was nationalized, and much more.
Which reform led to conflict with the Catholic Church?
THe Civil Constitution of the Clergy, which means that the clergy (church priests and bishops and all church leaders) would be constituted (made up of) civil people (non-religious government people) not people that were associated with the Pope or Rome
Why did some men like Mirabeau think the revolution was going too far?
Because there is only so much change you can do at one time and he wanted things to settle down and get orderly.
Why did the king have difficulty with the civil constitution of the clergy?
because he was really religious, and the Pope said that the clergy had to agree with him and NOT the civil constition. So the king was worried that if he went to priests that had signed the constitution, that those priests would not be real priests and that he'd be in trouble with God, basically. He was afraid to disagree with the Pope. He was afraid that he could not receive Holy Communion from a priest that agreed with the constitution (someone who agreed with it was called a 'constitutionnel' priest).
What did the pope warn might happen if the king agreed with the civil constitution?
he said that there would be a schism, a split, in the Catholic Church in france. The pope also basically fired (suspended) all priests who signed it.
The king decided to flee Paris, why?
because he was afraid that the Civil Constitution made it impossible for him to stay in France, because he just could not agree with it. If he could not agree with the Revolution, then he would have to either be killed by it, or jet the country and start a civil war to get his power back. But to start a civil war he first had to get out of the country and out of being a prisoner.
why was it difficult for the king to flee?
he was constantly watched, he was basically under house arrest, except it was like Palace Arrest.
The escape to the fronteir
the king was tricky and had helpers all over the place who dressed up as other people to lead the revolutionaries astray. It worked, and they really would have made it, but one guy saw through their disguise, and also townspeople were very curious and noticed small details like the people that were supposed to meet the king and help him out, so that the people who were supposed to help him, couldn't get to where they needed to connect with him.
what were the consequences of the king's escape failure?
he was taken back to Paris and eventually killed. Maybe he should have tried to escape earlier!!