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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Charles Townshend
urged farmers to grow turnips, which restored exhausted soil
Jethro Tull
Inventor of the seed drill, which deposited seeds in rows instead of scattering them all over the land
Thomas Newcomen
Inventor of the Steam engine, originally used to pump water out of mines
James Watt
Improved Newcomen's steam engine
Abraham Darby
Darby used coal to smelt iron or remove iron from its ore. His experiments allowed for cheaper and better-made iron.
drug that prevents pain during surgery
the process of rich landowners taking over and fence off land formerly shared by peasant farmers
the process of seperating iron from its ore
Describe how the industrial revolution changed daily life, becoming a turning point in history.
The Industrial Revolution caused a major shift in where people lived and how they lived. Because less people were needed to farm the land, former peasant populations moved into the cities, eventually working in factories. Also, because of advancements in food production and hygiene, people lived longer.
Identify three cause of the population explosion in Europe.
Because of increase in sanitation and hygiene, people lived longer. Babies had a better chance of living past infancy than they ever had before. Also, because of the increase in food due to the agricultural revolution, the risk of famine was greatly reduced.
Explain the impact of each of the following technologies: steam power and improved iron.
Steam power allowed for the invention of the railroad, which allowed goods, people, and information to travel much faster. Improved iron was also important to the invention of the railroad, as trains and tracks needed high quality iron.