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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Portuguese naval commander who conquered and controlled major Muslim ports in the Indian Ocean
Afonso Albuquerque

The "Fonz" was "devastating" in Southeast Asia
British agent who drove the French armies in India from their posts and took over the Bengal empire
Robert Clive

"C-Live" took over the "'hood" in India
A distant area under control by a country
Army of native Indian troops
How did the Portuguese gain control of the spice trade? How were they challenged by the Dutch?
The Portuguese gained control of the spice trade by conquering key sea ports and controlling the sea routes. The Dutch challenged them by using military force, but they forged closer ties with local rulers to assure more stable conditions in their outposts.
Why was Spain easily able to conquer the Philippines? Why did Spain want to control the islands?
Spain conquered the Philippines easily because the Philippines was not a united nation. The Philippines were a key port in trading silver from the Americas with China.
Why did Mughal power decline? What effect did the decline have on France and Britain?
Years of civil war drained the power of the Mughal empire. France and Britain were able to manipulate Indian princes against one another, leading to Britain's eventual domination of Bengal.
How did Europeans build on existing trade networks in the Indian Ocean?
Rather than simply using permission to trade in Southeast Asia, European nations sought to conquer and colonize these Asian countries to assure direct and lasting access to their trade routes. European colonizers brought religion and married native women, thus establishing permanent cultural change through colonization.
Some people have argued "to the victors belong the spoils [riches] of the enemy." How do the events of this section support this statement?
European nations were able to dominate the spice trade by conquering key ports and sometimes whole nations in Southeast Asia. These Asian nations, unready for the brutal military force and advanced weaponry of the Europeans, were stripped of all their natural resources. In this case, the spoils belonged to the colonizers.