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55 Cards in this Set

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Bruhn
doing good is a choice, being good is doing good, being virtuous is better than being good, there is an answer, a truth, good and evil
Bruhn
Facets of culture – tough and easy – culture out of touch with its members is tough, will not be sensitive, and vice versa for easy
Bruhn
Equal partners – do no harm, pts best interest, respect and autonomy of patient, disappearance of MD knows best
Golden Rule
Gallagher
– common good – good shared by many persons, many forms – produced, achieved, or exists, ex – hospital staff
Gallagher
Distributive justice – socialism, common goods to community
Verhey
Oath/Doctor’s Oath – the reformist intentions, the Pythagoreans,
Verhey
human values – value system; example: criminals get shot – oath would make you care for him
Human flourishing?
Veech
– system of values, layman’s decision making vs. MD, best way to make decisions – involve layman when possible
Universal norms
May
– obligations to patients vs. one’s colleagues – profession
Duty to colleagues should not prevail
God – patient – colleagues
Philanthropy vs. covenantal indebtedness
T. Sydenham
– God gave us our skills, he is supreme judge, doctor is mortal, appreciate human race
Florence Nightingale
– do it for the higher good
Etzioni
– avoid absolutism, excessive liberty – it’s a free country, the Golden Rule – old vs. new – right course of action, seek solution, is liberty an absolute, not in our time
Gilkey
– science – we know and are aware of everything, true in natural order but not in all else,
Gilkey
medicine involves faith in the healing power of knowledge, scientific faith vs. religious faith
Branson
– What is medicine? A religious system with its own set of symbols, values, institutions, and rituals
Medicine continues to have faith in the inherent value of reason to discover order in
empirical facts
Branson
Medicine is paralleled to religion (secularization) –
Branson
MD is the priest of religion, MD losing
Autonomy
Campbell
benefits – burdens, best interest, removal of life support, hastening death
Premature death of God
Khushf
– illness is consequence of sin – evil however is a reflection of community, not the individual
Khushf
Spiritual healing vs. physical healing – must do both
Deal with the whole patient and not just the disease
Sansom
- #37, the goal of health is to be an autonomous individual and to live faithfully in community
Sansom
If you push autonomy, community suffers
Walters
- #35, we are more responsible for our health than we recognize. Is society responsible for our health?
Walters
Health is a right and a duty
Callahan
- #36, the WHO definition of health puts too much responsibility on the physician; state of complex physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Van Erys
- #34, physicians focus too much on disease instead of the person
Van Erys
We have made idols of the body, health and life – which is alienating us from God
McCormick
– all of our actions should be directed toward good - ** an end (teleological) argument, absolutizing autonomy
Labacqz
– moral reflection must be based on identity and community?
Labacqz
Alien dignity – comes from God not from inside human being, the image of God gives us
our alien dignity
Gustafson
– 1978, human life is not an absolute value, human experience and Christian value
Gustafson
Value others, technology – theology, one flows into the other
Stith
– love, respect, reverenceSanctity of life
Preserving life vs. taking life (act or fail to act)
Ramsey
– 1960’s renaissance period – canon’s (traditions) of loyalty
Biblical covenant
Fletcher
– neo-cortical function is key, relativism – there is no objectable morality, its all relative
Fletcher
Human vs. person – person only if have capacity for thought
O’Donavan
– the Good Samaritan parable – who is my neighbor;
O'Donavan
resurrection; life does not end, it simply changes
Hauerwas
– the suspicious posture – personhood is a permissive notion, permission to exclude those we don’t consider as persons
Caring when you are not sure
Thomasma
– desire to find consensus – respect persons
Beauregard
– why do we suffer? Hinduism, stoicism, Greek, Judaism
Rouschenbosh
– thanks MD/nurses for their services
Sirach
– honor MD, he is essential, God established profession
Cahill
– theological – bioethics, community with others
Corinthians
– when I am weak, I am strong
Bresnahan
– advanced directives, distinction between allowing and causing patient to die
Maxson
– whose life is it anyway?
JP II
– do not prolong life, but do not euthanise
Meileander
– intentions of actions vs. results may differ from expected
Duntley
– MD – patient relationship is covenant, PAS ok if in line with covenant
Wolterstorff
– death of his son – even though he dies the story is not over, they may meet again
Augustin
– people will only do good – no other choice; think evil is good to get away with it
Bellam
– religion is a set of symbolic forms and acts, which relate man to the ultimate conditions of his existence
O’dea
– religion – a response to the ultimate which becomes institutionalized in thought, practice, and organization
Toulmin
– science – these ideals of natural order have something absolute about them