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25 Cards in this Set

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Client Welfare
Avoiding Harm and take reasonable steps to avoid and mimize harm to clients, students, reserach participants, and others with home they work.
Pro Bono Services
recommended by the code but not required
Ethics vs Law
the ethics code establishes a higher standard of conduct than is required by law, psychologists must meet the higher ethical standard.
Preamble
Advanceing and protecting the welfare of people receiving psychological services
Ethical violations by colleagues
psychologist handle ethical violations informally by discussing the matter with offender when and "informal resolutions appears appropriate". If "substantial harm" make formal report to committe, state licensing board, etc..Must consider client confidentiality
Complainants or Respondents - treatment of by psychologist
prohibits psychologist from acting in discriminatory ways towards people who are complainiants or respondents to charge of ethical miscuct soley on the bais of being the subject of complaint
Competence
Vicarious Liablity
Personal Problems
Compentence - psychologists must provide those services within their current level of compentence as determined by education, training, expereince...can add more compentence with training. Can perform in emergency situations, but make appropriate measures after.
Puervisors and employers may be legally responsible for actions of their supervisees and employee - Vicarious liablity
refraim from engagin in professional activities hwne there is a significant liklihood that personal problesm will interfere with those activities - seek therapy, referring clients to other professionals, and consulting with another professional to detrmine which action is most approproate.
Sexual Harassment
Quid pro quo
Hostile environement
behaviors that are sexual in nature and that a resonable person knows are unwelcome or offensive or tha create an upleasant work environment. sexual favor requirments for advancements -quid pro quo.
sexually offensive behaviors that make work environement difficult - hostile environemnt
Multiple Relationships
refraim from participanting in multuipel relaiotnship that are likely to impari their objetivity or harm other party. May be accepble in some situations. Small town.
In forensic settings Psychologist can testify as a FACT witness but in other settings can't be provider and expert witness.
Informed Consent and Assent
3 Legal conditions
Capacity - Individual is able to make rational decisions.
Comprehansion - Individual is given adequate informaiton and understand the informaiton sufficiently to make an informed decision.
Voluntariness - The ndividual has given consent freely.
Confidentiality
obligation of psychologist to protect clients from unauthorized disclosure of information revealed in the context of the professional relationship. Ethical principle and in some situations Legal requirment.
Privilege
Legal concept that protects a client's confidentiality in the context of legal proceedings.
Holder of the privilege
- Waivers
- Madatory Reporting
- Danger to self or others
- Legal regulatory Actions
the client, but a psychologist can assert the privilege on behalf of the client, and exceptions to privilege aer legally defined.
- Client authorized a relaease of informaiton
- The therapist knows or suspects that a clientis involved in child, elder, or dependent adult abuse.
- The client is suing the therapist for malpractice, has filed a complaint against a psychologist with the Ethics Committee or licensing board, is a party in custody dispute, or is the subject of a court-ordered evaluation.
Tarasoff V. Board of REgenst of the University of California
Duty to warn
Client Testimonials
violation due to undue influence
In-Person Solicitation
undue influence.violation
Record Keping Guidlines
minimum of 3 years maintained additional 12 years before disposal. Must keep records.
Client access to records
right to have access to records
FERPA
Family Eduation Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. records maintained by eduational insititutins recieiving federal funds.
Collection agency
only if notifying the client that the intent and giving him or her an oporutnity to pay.
Feferral fees
must be based on services not the refferal itself.
Barter
may be acceptable when it is not clinically contraindicated and when the client is not being exploited
sliding fee scales
acceptable as long as use of a sliding fee is fair an serves the best interst of he client
Sexual intimacies with clients and former clients
Never with clients....
2 years after discharge from former clients
Responding to a subpeona
1 is it legally valid
2 respond after talking to client
3 after conscent and no reason to hold (testing) release info requested
4 If no conscent - through lawayers talk to party issuing subpoena.