Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Enzymes are____________ made by the cell that greatly speed up____________ processes.
Enzymes are PROTEINS made by the cell that greatly speed up CHEMICAL processes.
Most enzymes end with the suffix _______
Most enzymes end with the suffix -ASE
_____________ or organic = carbon based, made by living things.
BIOLOGICAL or organic = carbon based, made by living things.
__________ = substance that speeds up reactions and NOT used up during the process.
CATALYSTS = substance that speeds up reactions and is NOT used up during the process
When enzymes loose their shape (go from teritiary to secondary to primary structure) they are referred to as being_____________
denatured
3 things affect an enzyme's ability to funtion.
Temperature, PH, and Concentration of an enzyme
The temperature of an enzyme works best at what temp?
37 degrees
At what temp does an enzyme become inactive?
15 degrees celcious
At what temperature does an enzyme become denatured?
60 degrees Celcious (burns up)
What level does the PH of an enzyme work best at?
7
What ph level of an enzyme does it not work as good at?
2 would be acidic and 8-10
At what concentration of an enzyme does it work best at? and not as good?
100% concentration and less than 100%
At what concentration of an enzyme does it work best at? and not as good?
100% concentration and less than 100%
Simple metabolic pathway (chemical reaction) in this lab:
(ONPG) Substrate + H2O (beta-galactosdiase enzyme) -------->

(O-nitrolphenol) + (galactos) (Products)
Perserve your cut vegetables/fruits (no brown spots)----> _______ or inactivate the enzymes that break down the tissue.
destroy
Preserve your cut vegetables/fruits (no brown spots)----> destroy or inactivate the enzymes that break down the tissue. Boil them ___________, add lemon juice __________ or add ___________. Inactivate by putting them in the _________
temperature, very acidic (ph) or add salt.
Refrigerator