Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/97

Click to flip

97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
APPENDICITIS
Inflammation of the appendix.
BRONCHITIS
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
DERMATITIS
Inflammation of the skin.
MENINGITIS
Inflammation of fthe meninges.
PHLEBITIS
Inflammation of a vein.
CATHETERIZATION
The placement of a tube into the body, usually for drainage reasons.
CERVICAL
Pertaining to the neck.
GASTROINTESTINAL
Pertaining to the stomach and intestines (e.g., G.I. Bleed)
CARDIAC
Pertaining to the heart.
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE (CHF)
Heart cannot efficiently pump blood due to previous heart muscle damage.
CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Blood supply to the heart is decreased by the narrowing of coronary arteries.
DIASTOLE
Relaxation phase of heartbeat.
SYSTOLE
Contracting phase of the heartbeat.
MYOCARDIUM
Heart muscle
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Damage to the heart muscle resulting from blocked or restricted coronary arteries (a.k.a. - MI)
CARDIAC ARREST
Stoppage of effective heart action.
PULSE
The beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries.
ARRHYTHMIA
Any variation from normal rhythm of the heartbeat.
ANGINA PECTORIS
Chest pain caused by decreased blood (oxygen) supply to the heart muscle, e.g. narrowing of coronary arteries.
THROMBUS
Blood clot which forms in a blood vessel or in the heart cavity (a.k.a. - Thrombosis).
CONTUSION
Injury to tissues without skin breakage (bruise).
CYANOSIS
Blueness of the skin due to oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues.
PALLOR
A pale appearance to the skin.
ABRASION
Scaping of the skin.
EDEMA
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues.
EMBOLUS
Foreign substance or air bubble in blood vessel, which partially or completely obstructs the blood flow (Embolism)
EPISTAXIS
Nosebleed.
HEMATOMA
Collection of blood in a muscle or tissue.
HEMATURIA
Blood in the urine.
HEMOPHILIA
Hereditary blood disease characterized by prolonged coagulation time.
HEMORRHAGE
External or internal escape of blood from a vessel.
HEMOTHORAX
Collection of blood in the thoracic cavity.
HYPERTENSION
Elevation in blood pressure (a.k.a. - High Blood Pressure)
HYPOGLYCEMIA
Abnormally low amount of sugar in the blood.
INSULIN
Hormone (natural or artificial) to regulate sugar level in the body.
LEUKEMIA
Abnormal increase of white blood cells in the body.
DIABETES
Body does not regulate blood sugar level properly - usually due to lack of insulin.
SHOW
Vaginal discharge (blood) during labour.
SPHYGMOMANOMETER
Instrument for measruing blood pressure (a.k.a. - B.P. Cuff)
ANEURISM
Dilation of an artery due to blood pressure on a weakened wall.
BLOOD PRESSURE
Pressure of the blood exerted against vessel walls. (systolic pressure/diastolic pressure)
LABOUR
Process of fetus being expelled from the uterus at full term.
PLACENTA
Structure attached to the wall of the uterus that provides oxygen and nourishment to the unborn child, and is expelled shortly after birth.
CROWNING
First appearance of the baby's head in the vaginal opening.
UMBILICAL CORD
Cord-like vessel for the conveyance of nutrients and waste between the unborn child and placenta.
MISCARRIAGE
Interruption of pregnancy prior to the fifth month.
ASPIRATION
1. Drawing in of vomitus or fluid into the respiratory tract.
2. Withdrawal of fluid by suction.
PNEUMONIA
Infection that occurs when fluid and cells collect in the lungs.
EMPHYSEMA
A chronic condition of the lung marked by abnormal dilation of its air spaces and distension of its walls.
ASPHYXIA
A condition caused by inadequate intake of oxygen.
APNEA
Cessation of breathing.
DYSPNEA
Difficult or laboured breathing.
ORTHOPNEA
Inability to breathe in a supine position.
ASTHMA
Disease marked by increased mucous production and chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes resulting in difficulty in breathing.
HYPERVENTILATION
Increase in rate or depth (or both) of respiration.
PNEUMOTHORAX
Presence of air or gas in the thorax cavity.
CONVULSIONS
Involuntary contraction and relaxation of the voluntary muscles.
EPILEPSY
Chronic disease marked by attacks of convulsions.
SPASM
Sudden involuntary contraction.
RIGOR MORTIS
Stiffening of the muscles after death.
QUADRIPLEGIA
Paralysis affecting all four limbs.
PARALYSIS
Loss or impairment of the ability to move body parts.
STROKE
Sudden decrease or loss of conciousness, sensation, and/or voluntary motion caused by rupture or obstruction (as by a clot) of an artery of the brain (a.k.a. C.V.A. - Cerebral Vascular Accident)
PARAPLEGIA
Paralysis of the lower body and legs.
DEHYDRATION
Inadequate amount of water in the body tissues.
GLAUCOMA
Condition of excess pressure of fluid in the eye.
MENINGES
Three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
STOMA
Artificial opening between body cavity and body opening.
TUMOUR
Abnormal growth of cells.
TRAUMA
Wound or injury from an external force.
DIAPHORESIS
Profuse sweating (diaphoretic).
SIGNS
Observed changes in a patient's body.
PROSTRATION
Extreme exhaustion.
SCLEROSIS
Hardening of a part.
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
Hardening of the walls of the arteries.
CHRONIC
Marked by long duration or frequent recurrence: not acute
ACUTE
Having a sudden onset, sharp rise, and short course.
MALIGNANT
Tends to become worse and result in death.
BENIGN
Not malignant - has the ability to grow and be harmful but does not spread to adjacent tissue.
TRIAGE
Sorting, according to initial examination, of casualties in a disaster situation.
COMA
Unconsciousness from which the patient cannot be aroused - deep and prolonged.
CONSCIOUS
Mentally awake - responds to stimuli.
UNCONSCIOUSNESS
Lack of environmental awareness - incapability to react to sensory stimuli.
ALLERGY
Hypersensitivity to a foreign substance.
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
A serious, often life-threatening, allergic reaction.
AMBULATORY
Walking or able to walk.
STUPOR
A state of reduced responsiveness or partial unconsciousness.
HYSTERIA
A state of tension or excitement in which there is a temporary loss of control over actions and emotions.
SHOCK
A state of collapse resulting from inadequate tissue perfusion.
DEPRESSION
Lowered mental and physical activity.
SYMPTOM
Complaint or description of something associated to the illness as stated by the patient.
DELIRIUM
Usually a temporary mental disturbance noted by illusions, wandering speech and hallucinations.
DISORIENTATION
Mental confusion - loss of recognition of time, place of persons.
ECTOPIC
Not in normal place (e.g. tubal pregnancy)
CARCINOMA
A form of cancer.
INTUBATION
Insertion of a tube, e.g., into trachea to open airway.
ISOLATION
Containment of persons having infectious diseases.