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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
music is composed for?
an orchestra
dates of the middle ages
450-1450
beginning of historical mark
fall of the roman empire
ending of historical mark
the advent of the renaissance
gregorian chant
unaccompanied, monophonic music, without fixed rhythm or meter
characteristics of plainchants
nonmetrical and constructed according to one of the medieval modes
who determined the earlh history of the church
christian church
pope gregory the great
assembled all the chants for church services
gregory's years
540-604
troubadours
noble poet composer-south france
trouveres
noble poet composer-north france
minnesingers
noble poet composers-germany
minne
chivalric ordeal love
jongleurs
popular musicians of medieval period
guido of Arezzo
genius monk who came up with do-re-me for the notes of a scale
4 medieval modes
dorian-around d, phrygian- around e,lydian-around f,mixolydian-around g
later medieval modes
major-C
mine-A
recitation style
free flowing
3 main classes of gregorian chant
syllabic-1 note per syllable
numatic-2-4 notes per syllable
mellismatic-single syllable extending on one note
why do we know very little about popular music during the middle ages?
there is no records of it
basis for European art, pitch/note in which sounds are set
mode
popular music
secular music
church music
sacred music
"dawn song"
alba
little ascending,descending signs that were written above the word that suggesets the course
neumes
8 daily, religious services
divine office
1 note or one sound
monophony/monophonic
simultaneous combination of 2 or more melodies
polyphony
earliest type of polyphony
organum
organum where upper lines are given words
motet
"white notes" on the piano
diatonic
no clearly established meter, the rhythm is free
nonmetrical
unassuming 1-line dance pieces
estampies
mass for the dead
requiem mass
suggestive, lenghty passages in identical rhythms
isorhythm
single 2 note chord running continuously
drone
"new art" or "new technique
ars nova
"ancient art"
ars antiqua
most famous of all chivalric heroes
Richard 1
master of the troubadours
Guiraut de Bornelh
Guiraut de Bornelh years
1165-1215
troubadour made famous by Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine who served royalty
Bernart de Ventadorn
Bernart de Ventadorn years
1134-1194
wife of Henry2 of england who hired Ventadorn
Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine
led to the developmentof Gregorian chants
Notre Dame School
2 famous composers
Leonin and his father Perotin
1st master composer to come from the notre dame school
master leonin
follower of leonin who created organums
Perotine "the great"
celebrates the birth of the virgin Mary
"Alleluia Nativitas"
leading composer of the later medieval polyphony
Phillippe de Vitry 1291-1361
leading composer 1300-1377
Guillaume de Machaut