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30 Cards in this Set

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The Battle of Hastings--
End of Anglo-Saxon England, beginning of Norman England. William defeated Harold Godwinson
1066
Domesday Book
Census/tax record, begun by William I
1086
First Crusade begins, start of a long line of crusades. Went to Palestine to fight the Moslem Turks
1095
Sinking of the White Ship--
Civil War between Stephen and Maud begun over this, the death of only heir to Henry I at sea in a storm.
1120
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Wrote the History of the Kings of Britain, included the beginnings of the Arthurian Legend
1136
Becket's Murder--
Henry II's reign, killed by 4 knights in a church
Thomas Becket became a martyr from this
1170
Magna Carta signed
John forced to sign this, it limited king's power and safeguarded people's rights, along with habeus corpus and trial by jury.
1215
Bubonic Plague/Black Death
got rid of feudalism, actually good for Europe because people were paid more $$ for work, etc.
1348
Peasant's Revolt--
Let by WAT TYLER, they rebelled against a poll tax that was to pay for the 100 years war. Successful til the death of Tyler
1381
Will Caxton
Brought over first printing press to England. Beginning of era of printing, etc.
John Wycliffe, with the support of the Lollards, later translated the bible into English
1476
Battle of Bosworth Field--
Battle between Henry Tudor (red rose, Lancaster House) and Richard III (white rose, York House), during the War of the Roses. Henry won and became king. He married Elizabeth of York united the houses.
1485
miracle play
reenactments of bible stories. also known as mystery plays.
morality play
original stories based on lessons in the bible, further developed miracle plays
ballads
anonymous narratives (normally sung)
patronage
to give financial support, usually by a noble
chivalry
code of behavior for medieval knights after Norman conquest, elevated women's status
guilds
medieval social groups formed around occupations1
medieval romance
tale of knights in shining armor, damsels in distress, etc. Arthurian legends are one example
papal bull
official document from the pope
shrive
to absolve someone's sins during confession.
shrift=confession
shriven=to give confession, etc.
cuckold
someone who has been cheated on by his/her mate
radix malorum est cupiditas
avarice/greed is the root of all evil
(the pardoner says this_
victual
food
tithe
money that you give from your income to the church, usually 10%
cloister
an enclosed place in a monastary, monks are cloistered
livery
outfit, costume w/ colors
Earth
Dry/Cold
Melancholy
Black Bile
Top Left
Fire
Dry Hot
Choleric
Yellow Bile
Top Right
Water
Cold/Wet
Phlegmatic
Phlegm
Bottom Left
Air
Hot/Wet
Blood
Sanguine
Bottom Right