Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/38

Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nouns
A word or word group used to name a person, place, thing, or idea
Common Nouns
names a noun that is NOT capitalized
Proper Nouns
Names a particular noun that IS capitalized
Concrete Nouns
Names a noun that can be precieved by one or more senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch, etc.)
Abstract Nouns
Names an idea, feeling, quality, or charachteristic (ex. freedom, well-being, beauty, kindness, Christianity)
Compound Nouns
consists of two or more words used together as a single noun. They maybe be one word, seperated words, or joined by a "-"
Collective Nouns
Words that name a group (ex.audience,chorus,crew, committe, band,flock)
Pronoun
A word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns
Antecedent
word that the pronoun stands for or refers to
First Person
refers to one speaking (I, Me, My, Mine, We, Us, Our, Ours)
Second Person
the one spoken to (you, your, yours)
Third Person
the one spoken about (he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs)
Reflexive Pronouns
refers to subject of a sentence and functions as a compliment or as an object of a preposition
Intensive Pronouns
emhphasizes an antecedent
Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns
The words this, that, these, those can be used as both adj. and pronouns. When they modify nouns or pronouns they are called demonstrative adjectives. When they take the place of the nouns or pronouns they are called demonstrative pronous.
Articles
Most frequently used adjectives (a,an,the)
Verbs
word this is used to express action or state of being. Verbs are classified in 2 ways 1. as transitive or intransitive verbs 2. as action, helping, or linking verbs
Action Verbs
expresses physical or mental action
Linking Verbs
connects the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject
Be Verbs
most commonly used linking verbs are forms of the verb BE
Verb Phrases
consists of atleast one main verb and one or more helping verbs
Adverbs
modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Tells where, when, how, or to what extent (how long or how much)
Adverbs that modify verbs answer to the questions...
...where, when, how, to what extent
Prepositions
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to answer another word
Rules of Prepositions
Many words that can be used as a prep. as well as an adverb. you must ask wherther the weord relates a noun or pronoun to a word.
Prepositon Phrases
A prep., its object, and any modifiers of the object together for a prepositional phrase.
TO + A VERB =
AN INFINITIVE
HINT
Be carful not to confuse a prepositional phrase that begins with to with an infinitive that begins with to.
Remember...
a prep. phrase alweays has a noun or pronoun as its object. An infinitive is the word to plus a verb.
Conjunctions
Start things out (FANBOYS)
F
FOR
A
AND
N
NOR
B
BUT
O
OR
Y
YET
S
SO
Interjection
word that expresses emotion. has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence.