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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Diction
Writers choice of words
Poetic Diction
Useof elevated language isntead of ordinary language
Formal Diction
Consists of dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language
Middle Diction
Maintains correct diction usage, less elevated
Informal Diction
Plain language of everyday use
Dialect
Type of informational diction. Spoken by people from a certain geographical region. Difference in class.
Jargon
A categorie of language defined by a trade or profession.
Denotations
Literal dictionary meaning of words
Conotation
Associations and implications that go beyond a word's literal meaning
Persona
Speaker created by the poet.
Ex: Death of a ball turret gunner
Ambiguity
Allows two or more simultaneous interpretations of a word, phrase, action, or situation. Ball Turret
Syntax
Ordering of words into meaningful verbal patterns.
Tone
Writer's attitude towards the subject
Carpe Diem
Seize the day. Virgins
Allusion
A brief refernce to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature.
Image
Language that addresses the sense.
Figures of Speach
Way of saying one thing in terms of something else.
Simile
Makes an explicit comparison between two things by using words sucs as like, as, than, appears
Metaphor
Makes a comparison between two unlike things, but it does so without words suchs as like or as
Implied Metaphor
Does no explicitly identify the man with a mule. It hints or alludes to the mule.
Extended Metaphor
Compares poetry to a game of catch.
Synecdoche
Part of something is used to signify the whole
Metonymy
Something closely associated with a subject is substituted for it
Personification
Human characteristics to nonhuman things
Apostrophe
An address either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend.
Hyperbole
Adds emphasis without intending to be literally true. Overstatment
Understatement
Says less than is what intended
Paradox
Appears to be self-contradicting, but on second look appears to be true
Oxymoron
Two contradictory words are used together
Symbol
Something that represents something else.
Allegory
Narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning. Represents specific abstractions or ideas
Didactic poetry
Teach an ethical, moral, or religious lesson
Irony
Revels a discrepency between what appears to be and what is actually true.
Cosmic irony
Writer uses God, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character or humankind
Satire
Literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in an effort to expose or correct it.
Onomatopoeia
Word that resembles the sound it denotes
Alliteration
Repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginnings or nerby words
Assonance
Repetition of the same vowel sounds
Rhyme
Way of creating sound patterns
Eye rhyme
Spellings are similar but the pronunciations are not
End rhyme
Comes at the ends of the lines
Internal rhyme
At least one of the rhymed words within the line
Feminine/Masculine rhyme
Rhymed stressed syllable followed by at least one rhymed unstressed syllable/rhyming single-syllable words
Consonance
identical consonant sound preceded by a different vowel sound
Meter
Rhythmic pattern of stresses recures in a poem
Prosody
Taken together, all the metrical elements in a poem
Scansion
Measuring the stresses in a line to determine its metrical pattern
Rising meter
Falling meter
Iambic and anapestic are rising because they move from unstressed to stressed.
Foot
Metrical unit by which a line is measured
Line
Measured by the number of feet they contain
Iambic pentameter
iambic rhythm falls into five feet
Blank Verse
Unrhythemed iambic pentameter
Spondee
A two-syllable foot in which both syllables are stressed
Caesura
Pause within a line
End-stopped line
Pause at the end
Run-on line
Line ends without a pause and continues on to the next line
Enjambment
Running on from one line to another
Couplet
Two lines that rhyme and have same meter
Tercet
Three line stanza
Quatrain
four line stanza
Epigram
Brief pointed and witty poem
Elegy
lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead