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37 Cards in this Set

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Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone, GHRH
Anterior Pituitary.
Stimulates release of growth hormone
Growth Hormone Inhibitng Hormone, GHIH
Anterior Pituitary.
Suppresses release of Growth Hormone
Corticotropin releasing Hormone, CRH
Anterior Pituitary.
Stimulates release of adrenocorticotropin
Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone, TRH
Anterior Pituitary
Stimulates release of thyroid stimulating hormone
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone, GnRH
Anterior Pituitary
Stimulates release of luteinizing hormnone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Prolactin Realeasing Hormone, PRH
Anterior Pituitary
Stimulates release of prolactin
Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone, PIH
Anterior Pituitary
Suppresses release of prolactin
Antiduiretic Hormone, ADH
Kidneys
>H20 into blood volume
Oxytocin
Uterus, breasts, kidneys
>uterine contractions & milk
Growth Hormone, GH
all cells ESP growing
Stimulates body growth. Switch to fats as energy source
Adrenocrticotropic Hormone, ACTH
Origin: Anterior Pituitary. Target: Adrenal Cortexes
Stimulates release of coritcosteriodal hormones cortisol and aldosterone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, TSH
Origin: Anterior Pituitary. Target: Thyroid
Stimulates release of thyroid stimulating hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Follicle Stimulating Hormone, FSH
Origin: Anterior Pituiatry Target: Ovaries or Testes
Stimulates development of sex cells (ovum/sperm)
Luteinizing Hormone, LH
Origin: Anterior Pituitary Target: Ovaries or testes
Stimulates release of estrogen, progesterone, or testoserone
Prolactin, PRL
Origin: Anterior Pituitary Target: Mammary Glands
Stimulates production and release of milk
Thyroxin, T4
Origin: Thyroid
Target: All Cells
Stimulates cell metabolism
Triiodothyronine, T3
Origin: Thyroid
Target: All Cells
Stimulates cell metabolism
Calcitonin
Origin: Thyroid
Target: Bone
Stimulates cell uptake by bones, decreasing blood calcium levels
Parathyroid Hormone, PTH
Origin: Parathyroid
Target: Bone, Intestine, Kidneys
Stimulates Ca++ release from bone, Ca++ uptake from GI tract, Ca++ reabsorption in kidneys, all increasing Ca++ level
Thymosin
Origin: Thymus
Target: White blood cells, Primarily T lymphocytes
Stimulates reproduction and functional development of T lymphocytes
Glucagon
Origin: Pancreas
Target: All cells, particularly in lvier, muscle, and fat
Stimulates hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, increasing blood glucose levels
Insulin
Origin: Pancreas
Target: All cells, particularly liver, muscle, and fat
Stimulates cellular uptake of glucose; increased rate of synthesis of glycogen, proteins, and fats, decreasing blood glucose level
Somatostatin
Origin: Pancreas
Target: A & B cells of the pancreas
Suppresses secretion of glucagon and insulin within Islets of Langerhans
Epinephrine
Origin: Adrenal Medulla
Target: Muscle, Liver, Cardiovascular system
fight or flight response
Norepinephrine
Origin: Adrenal Cortex
Target: Muscle, liver, cardiovascular system
stimulates vasoconstriction
Glucocorticoids
Cortisol
Origin: Adrenal Cortex
Target: Most cells, particularly white blood cells (inflammatory and immune response)
Stimulates glucagon like effects, anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent
Mineralocorticoids
Aldosterone
Origin: Adrenal Cortex
Target: Kidneys, blood
Contributes to salt and fluid balance by stimulating kidneys to increase potassium excretion and decrease sodium excretion, increasing blood flow
Estrogen
Origin: Ovaries
Target: female reproductive tract
Secondary sex characteristics, plays role in maturation of egg prior to ovulation
Progesterone
Origin: Ovaries
Target: uterus
Stimulates uterine changes necessary for pregnancy
Testosterone
Origin: Testes
Target: Most cells, particularly those of male reproductive tract
Stimulates dvelopment of secondary sexual characteristics, palys role in development of sperm cells
Melatonin
Origin: Pineal Gland
Target: Exact action unknown
Release melatonin in response to light; may help determine daily, lunar, and reproductive cycles; may affect mood
Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG)
glycoprotein hormone produced in pregnancy that is made by the developing embryo after conception and later by the syncytiotrophoblast (part of the placenta)
Gastrin
released by G cells in the stomach, duodenum, and the pancreas stimulated by peptides in the lumen of the stomach.
stimulates secretion of gastric acid (HCl) by the parietal cells of the stomach and aids in gastric motility
Secretin
produced in the S cells of the duodenum in the crypts of Lieberkühn
increases watery bicarbonate solution from pancreatic duct epithelium. counteracts blood glucose concentration spikes by triggering increased insulin release from pancreas, following oral glucose intake
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH), or atriopeptin
powerful vasodilator, and a protein (polypeptide) hormone secreted by heart muscle cells
homeostatic control of body water, sodium, potassium and fat (adipose tissue). It is released by muscle cells in the upper chambers (atria) of the heart (atrial myocytes), in response to high blood pressure. ANP acts to reduce the water, sodium and adipose loads on the circulatory system, thereby reducing blood pressure
Renin angiotensinogenase
enzyme that participates in the body's renin-angiotensin system (RAS) that mediates extracellular volume (i.e., that of the blood plasma, lymph and interstitial fluid), and arterial vasoconstriction. Thus, it regulates the body's mean arterial blood pressure.
enzyme that participates in the body's renin-angiotensin system (RAS) that mediates extracellular volume (i.e., that of the blood plasma, lymph and interstitial fluid), and arterial vasoconstriction. Thus, it regulates the body's mean arterial blood pressure.
Erythropoietin, or its alternatives erythropoetin or erithropoyetin
produced by the peritubular capillary endothelial cells in the kidney and liver, it is the hormone that regulates red blood cell production
EPO, is a glycoprotein hormone that controls erythropoiesis, or red blood cell production. It is a cytokine for erythrocyte (red blood cell) precursors in the bone marrow.