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27 Cards in this Set

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Melatonin
Pineal gland hormone SCN

Biological clock
Glucagon
Pancreatic hormone (A cells)
Target-liver

Breakdown of glycogen into glucose, nutrients into glucose, releasing glucose into blood
Epinephrine, Nonepiniphrine
Adrenal medullary hormone
Target-adrenal medulla

effects that enhance sympathetic divison, flight or fight
Inhibin
Testicular hormone

Inhibits secretion of FSH
Inhibin
Ovarian hormone

Inhibits secretion of FSH
Relaxin
Ovarian hormone

Increases flexibilty of pubic symphsis during birth, dilate cervix
Testosterone
Testicular Hormone
target-testes

descent of testes, regualtes spermatogenesis, male sec sex charactetristics
Glucocorticoids (cortisol)
Adrenal Cortical hormone
Target-zona fasciculata cells, liver, fat, skel muscle, immune system

Raise protein breakdown, anti-inflammatory

thymosin, THF, thymic factor, thymopoietin
Thymus hormones

Promote proliferation and maturation of T cells
Somatostatin
Pancreatic hormone (D cells)

Inhibits secretion of insulin and glucagon, slows absorbtion of nutrients from gi tract
T3, T4
Thyroid Hormones
Target-Throyid follicle

Metabolism
Oxytocin (OT)
Posterior Pituitary Hormone
Target-Uterus, Mammary glands

contraction of smooth muscles of uterus during birth, milk ejection
Luteninizing Hormone (LH)
Anterior Pituitary Hormone
Target-gonads

secretion of estrogen and progesterone, ovulation, interstital cells in testes to devlop and make testosterone
Insulin
Pancreatic hormone (B Cells)

transport of glucose into cells, glucose into glycogen, protein synthesis
Follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
Anterior pituitary hormone
Target-Gonads

Development of oocytes, secretion of estrogens, production of sperm
Prolactin (PRL)
anterior Pituitary Gland
target-mammary glands

promotes milk secretion
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
(TSH) or
thyrotropin
Anterior Pituitary Hormone
Target-thyroid gland

Metabolic rate stimulated
Human Growth Hormone (hGH) or Somatotropin
Anterior Pituitary Hormone
Target-Liver, skeletal muscle

Stimulates them to make and secrete Insulin-like growth factors
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
(ACTH) or corticotropin
Anterior Pituitary hormone
Target-adrenal cortext

secretion of cortisol
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
(MSH)
Anterior Pituitary Hormone
target-skin

darkening of skin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

vasopressin
Posterior Pituitary hormone
Target- Kidney, sweat glands, Arterioles

Regulation of hydration
Pancreatic polypeptide
Pancreatic hormone (F cells)

Stops somatostatin secretion, gallbladder contraction, secretion of pancreatic enzymes
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid Hormone
Target-principal cells, bones, kidneys

Opposite of calcitonin, rises activity of osteoclasts, formation of Vitamin D, Raises resorption of Ca2+
Calcitonin (CT)
Thyroid Hormone
Target- Thyroid follicle, parafollicular cells

Builds bone, stops resorption of bone
Mineralcorticoids (aldsterone)
Adrenal Cortical hormone
Target-kidneys

Raise blood level of sodium and water, decrease K+
Estrogen (Progesterone)
Ovarian hormone
Target-ovaries

regulate reproductive cycle, maintain pregnancy, secondary sex characteristics
Androgens (DHEA)
Adrenal Cortical Hormone
Target-throughout body

axillary and pubic hair, female libido, weak in males