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14 Cards in this Set

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simple, multi-cellular or single-celled organisms. Any eukaryote that is not a fungi, plant or animal belongs to this kingdom
Protist
membrane-covered organelle that contains DNA and controls all activities within the cell
Nucleus
the outer layer of a cell that allows needed materials to enter and leave a cell
Cell membrane
a structure found in plant cells that surrounds the cell and provides strength and support for the cell
Cell wall
a small organelle in which proteins are made from amino acids
Ribosome
cell organelle in which food molecules are broken down to make ATP for the cell
Mitochondria
an organelle found in the cells of producers where photosynthesis occurs
Chloroplast
an organelle that digests food particles, wastes and foreign invaders within a cell
Lysosome
the process by which a plant takes in carbon dioxide and water and in the presence of sunlight makes sugar and oxygen
photosynthesis
the process of producing energy (ATP) in the cell from oxygen and glucose; produces carbon dioxide and water
cellular respiration
the movement of materials through a membrane – no energy needed
passive transport
the process that requires energy to move materials through a membrane
active transport
used by cells to take IN material that is too large to pass through the membrane
endocytosis
used by cells to LET OUT material that is too large to pass through the membrane
exocytosis