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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Actual texture
When an artwork has real texture that can be touched and felt; also known as “real texture”
Additive color wheel
An organization of hues that, when combined, create white
Aerial perspective
The perspective technique that involves the use of elements in the atmosphere such as smoke and dust to add realism and create the illusion of distance; also known as “atmospheric perspective”
Aerial viewpoint
Utilized to portray a scene from a bird’s-eye view
Analogous color scheme
A color scheme that features colors that are adjacent to one another on the color wheel
Arbitrary color
A color that is chosen by the artist to produce an emotional
response that may or may not be the real color of the object
Atmospheric perspective
The perspective technique that involves the use of elements in the atmosphere such as smoke and dust to add realism and create the illusion of distance; also known as “atmospheric perspective”
Biomorphic
Irregular, nonlinear shapes and forms found in real life; also known as “freeform” and “biomorphic”
Chiaroscuro
The contrast of light and dark in a painting used to create the
illusion of volume and texture
Chroma
The brightness or purity of a color; also known as “saturation” and “intensity”
Closed space
Organization of space in which the objects are enclosed in barriers; conveys solidity
Color
The complex perception of visual light at different wavelengths
Color scheme
A planned combination of harmonious colors
Color temperature
The “warm” or “cool” feeling that is associated with a particular color or set of colors
Color wheel
A tool used to organize all possible colors
Color-field painting
Form of painting that features broad areas of solid colors
Complementary colors
Two colors that are across from one another on the color wheel, e.g., red and green
Complementary color
scheme
A color scheme that features complementary colors
Contours
Visible borders of the objects in an artwork
Cool color
A color that is associated with cool water and snow, e.g., blue,
green, purple, etc.
Draftsmanship
An artist’s use of sketching and drawing as a foundation for more complicated aspects of an artwork
Elements of art
Most basic components of any art work; include line, shape, form, space, perspective, color, and texture; also known as the “sensory properties of art"
Figure
The space that the objects in an artwork fill; also known as “positive space"
Form
A three-dimensional object with length, width, and depth
Freeform
Irregular, nonlinear shapes and forms found in real life; also known as “freeform” and “biomorphic”
Geometric
Object, either two or three-dimensional, that is a regular figure taken from mathematics
Gray scale
A color spectrum created by combining varying amounts of white and black
Grisaille
A color scheme that features only shades of gray
Ground (space)
The area around the objects of an artwork; also known as “negative space”
Horizontal line
A line that mimics the horizon and divides a space into upper and lower portions; incites a calm, static response
Hue
The name of a color
Imagined texture
The illusion of texture an artist creates on the surface of an artwork; also known as “imagined texture”
Impasto
A thick application of pigment that creates both actual and visual texture
Implied line
A progression of shapes, objects, lines, or dots that appears to be linear; there is no defined line
Intuitive perspective
A form of perspective in which objects farther from the viewer are drawn smaller than objects closer to the viewer
Intensity
The brightness or purity of a color; also known as “saturation” and “intensity”
Isometric perspective
A form of perspective when all objects are drawn with same
relative sizes, regardless of depth or distances
Line
Most basic element of art; created by following the path of a moving point through space
Linear perspective
A mathematical approach to perspective based on the visual effect of receding lines
Local color
A color that does not portray the effects of distance, light, or atmosphere; also known as “true color”
Monochromatic color scheme
A color scheme that features multiple tints and shades of just one hue
Motif
A repeated pattern or element of art in an artwork
Negative space
The area around the objects of an artwork; also known as “negative space”
Neutrals
White and black; used to create tints and shades, respectively
One-point linear perspective
A mathematical form of perspective that utilizes orthogonal lines that recede to one vanishing point
Open space
Organization of space in which the objects are unobstructed; conveys a light, unrestrained feeling
Optical color
A color that portrays the effects of lighting, atmosphere, etc.
Organic
Irregular, nonlinear shapes and forms found in real life; also known as “freeform” and “biomorphic”
Orthogonal lines
Converging lines that are essential to linear perspective
Patterns
The repetition of a specific element of art
Picture plane
The imaginary plane represented by the physical surface of a
painting
Positive space
The space that the objects in an artwork fill; also known as “positive space"
Primary color
One of the three colors (red, yellow, and blue) that can be mixed to make all other colors
Real texture
When an artwork has real texture that can be touched and felt; also known as “real texture”
Saturation
The brightness or purity of a color; also known as “saturation” and “intensity”
Secondary color
Color formed by the combination of two primary colors
Sensory properties of art
Most basic components of any art work; include line, shape, form, space, perspective, color, and texture; also known as the “sensory properties of art"
Shade
The result of adding black to a color
Shape
A two-dimensional object with length and width
Space
Formal organization of objects in a work of art
Step
A hue on the color wheel; divided into three primary, three secondary, and six tertiary steps
Subtractive color wheel
An organization of hues that, when combined, create black
Tenebrism
An extreme form of chiaroscuro that features a jarring contrast of light and shadow
Tertiary color
Color formed by combining a primary color and an adjacent secondary color
Texture
The tactile quality of an artwork
Tint
The result of adding white to a color
Triadic color scheme
A color scheme that features a combination of three primary, secondary, or tertiary colors
True color
A color that does not portray the effects of distance, light, or atmosphere; also known as “true color”
Two-point linear perspective
A mathematical form of perspective that utilizes lines that recede to two vanishing points
Value
A color’s lightness or darkness
Vanishing point
A distant point on the horizon where orthogonal lines appear to
converge
Vertical line
A line that divides the space into left and right portions; causes the eye to move upward
Visual texture
The illusion of texture an artist creates on the surface of an
artwork; also known as “imagined texture”
Warm color
A color that is associated with heat, fire, and the sun, e.g., red,
yellow, orange, etc.