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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
10 Causes of ST Elevation
1. Acute Myocardial Infarction
2. Pericarditis
3. Left Bundle Branch Block
4. Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
5. Benign Early Repolarization
6. Brugada Syndrome
7. Prinzmetal's angina
8. Pulmonary Embolism
9. Ventricular Aneurysm
10. Hyperkalemia
EKG findings in Hyperkalemia
* Peaked T waves
* Flat P waves
* Prolonged PR interval
* Wide QRS
* Sine Wave
EKG findings in Benign Early Repolarization
* Diffuse ST segment elevations (V2, V3, V5)
* ST Segment is concave
* J point is elevated with ST segement
EKG characteristics of WPW
* Short PR interval (<0.12 sec)
* Widening of QRS (>0.10)
* Delta wave
EKG characteristics of pericarditis
* ST elevation (diffuse)
* PR depression
* ST elevation height> T wave
* NO reciprocal changes (can be in AvR)
EKG for post syncopy (7)
1. Prolonged QT (-->Torsades)
2. WPW Syndrome
3. PE
4. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopothy
5. Brugada
6. Dysrhythmia (tach- or brady-)
7. ACS
Narrow (irregular) complex tachycardia (3)
1. Atrial Fibrillation
2. Atrial Flutter
3. MAT
Regular Wide Complex Tachycardia
Ventricular Tachycardia (90% of time) - mostly on board
SVT with BBB
Hypothermia
1. J (Osborn Waves)
2. Sinus bradycardia, junctional rhythms
3. Prolongation of all intervals
4. Slow irregular atrial fibrillation
5. Ventricular fibrillation
6. Asystole
Causes of Prolonged QT interval (5)
1. Hypokalemia
2. Hypomagnesemia
3. Hypocalcemia
4. Sodium Channel Blockers (Type IA Anti-arrhythmics, TCAs)
5. Miscellaneous
* Elevated ICP
* Acute cardiac ischemia
* Hypothermia
* Hereditary
What is this?
TCA overdose
1. Sinus Tachycardia
2. Tall R wave in aVR
3. Rightward Axis
4. Prolongations of QRS and QT interval
What is this
Hypokalemia
U waves prominent in V leads
What is this?
Digitoxin Toxicity
Slow Atrial Flutter
Overdose on medication
Digoxin -Salvidor Dali Mustache
Causes of rightward axis (8)
1. Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
2. Left posterior fascicular block
3. Ventricular ectopy
4. Lateral myocardial infarction
5. COPD
6. Hyperkalemia **
7. PE **
8. TCA (sodiumm channel OD) **
What is this (patient with AMS)
Intracranial Pressure with elevated ICP
a. Deep inverted T waves (ant leads)
b. Prolonged QT interval
What is this?
WPW
1. Short PR interval
2. Widened QRS
3. Delta wave
What is this ?
A fib with WPW
1.Irregular tachycardia
2. Wide QRS
3. QRS morphology changes
4. Rates approach 300 bpm