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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION
Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Charles VI, as ruler of Habsburg lands; King Frederick II of Prussia invaded &MT was seen as weak since she was a woman; fight for crown
JUNKERS
Prussian landed aristocracy
PRAGMATIC SANCTION
issued by Charles VI of Austria to assure his daughter Maria Theresa gained the throne; to guarantee indivisibilty of Habsburg lands
ROMANOVS
Russian dynasty; started w/Michael Romanov
FREDERICK WILLIAM THE GREAT ELECTOR
first man who made modern Prussia; determined to unify his 3 separate provinces
BOYARS
land owning aristocracy in early Russia
HOHENZOLLERN
German royal family that extended their control to Prussia; family's possessions were unifed as kingdom of Prussia by Frederick I
JAMES I
supported absolue divine-right
CHARLES I
fought w/Parliament &puritans for money for wars w/spain; abuse of power
CHARLES II
religious toleration [leaned toward Catholics]; learned not to mess w/parliament; launced new foregin policy
JAMES II
unpopular cuz of absolute rule; open Catholicism
WILLIAM &MARY
Glorious Rev.; parliament reigned supreme
IVAN IV THE TERRIBLE
launched reign of terror against the boyar nobility; increased pressure on peasants to pay for his war
PETER THE GREAT
westernized Russia; aboslute monarch; borrowed Western techonology; modernized army
FREDERICK THE GREAT
enlightened despot; extended noble's privilges
FREDERICK WILLIAM I
encourgaed Prussian militarism; created most efficient army in Europe
FREDERICK WILLIAM, THE GREAT ELECTOR
military power &taxation to unify his Rhine Holdings