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35 Cards in this Set

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The amount of matter something is made of
Mass
A measure of the pull of gravity on an object
Weight
A measure of the distance between two points
length
The measure of the outside surface of an object
Area
The measure of the amount of space taken up by a solid, liquid, or gas
Volume
A method of measuring the volume of irregular solids.
Water Displacement
The amount of mass in a certain volume of matter.
Density
The measure of how hot or cold something is.
Temperature
The official metric unit for temperature
Kelvin
The temperature scale used most often by scientists. (it is not the official metric unit of temperature)
Celsius
The basic SI (metric) unit of length
meter (m)- a little over one yard in length
The basic SI (metric) unit of mass
gram (g)
The basic SI (metric) unit of liquid volume
Liter (L)(about the size of a bottled soft drink)
The basic SI (metric) unit of solid volume
cubic centimeter (cm³) for small objects, or cubic meter (m³) for larger objects.
added before metric units to change them to larger or smaller units
metric prefixes
The SI prefix that means 1,000
milli
The SI prefix that means 100
hecto
The SI (metric) prefix that means 10
deca
The SI prefix that means .1 (one-tenth)
deci
The SI prefix that means .01 (one-hundredth)
centi
The SI prefix that means .001 (one-thousandth)
milli
A sentence that helps you remember the order of the metric prefixes and units
King Henry's dad (must let grandsons) drink chocolate milk.
container used to measure liquid volume in milliliters
graduated cylinder
instrument used to measure mass in grams
balance (we use a triple beam balance in our lab)
instrument used to measure distance
meter stick
instrument used to measure weight (pull of gravity)
spring scale
formula for volume
V = L x W x H
formula for area
A = L x W
formula for density
D = M ÷ V, or D = M/V
Instrument used to measure the volume of a regular solid (like a rectangular block of wood)
metric ruler
The official name of the measurement system scientists all over the world use.
The International System of Units (also called SI)
means the same as SI, or the International System of Units
metric system
Advantages of using the SI system of measurement (or the metric system)
1) contains units based on the number "10"
2) scientists all over the world and most countries use the system
Common measurments on the Celsius temperature scale
0° = freezing
20° = room temperature
37° = normal body temperature
100° = boiling
Ways people used to measure things before standard systems were used
body parts
objects such as barley grains