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### 35 Cards in this Set

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 The amount of matter something is made of Mass A measure of the pull of gravity on an object Weight A measure of the distance between two points length The measure of the outside surface of an object Area The measure of the amount of space taken up by a solid, liquid, or gas Volume A method of measuring the volume of irregular solids. Water Displacement The amount of mass in a certain volume of matter. Density The measure of how hot or cold something is. Temperature The official metric unit for temperature Kelvin The temperature scale used most often by scientists. (it is not the official metric unit of temperature) Celsius The basic SI (metric) unit of length meter (m)- a little over one yard in length The basic SI (metric) unit of mass gram (g) The basic SI (metric) unit of liquid volume Liter (L)(about the size of a bottled soft drink) The basic SI (metric) unit of solid volume cubic centimeter (cm³) for small objects, or cubic meter (m³) for larger objects. added before metric units to change them to larger or smaller units metric prefixes The SI prefix that means 1,000 milli The SI prefix that means 100 hecto The SI (metric) prefix that means 10 deca The SI prefix that means .1 (one-tenth) deci The SI prefix that means .01 (one-hundredth) centi The SI prefix that means .001 (one-thousandth) milli A sentence that helps you remember the order of the metric prefixes and units King Henry's dad (must let grandsons) drink chocolate milk. container used to measure liquid volume in milliliters graduated cylinder instrument used to measure mass in grams balance (we use a triple beam balance in our lab) instrument used to measure distance meter stick instrument used to measure weight (pull of gravity) spring scale formula for volume V = L x W x H formula for area A = L x W formula for density D = M ÷ V, or D = M/V Instrument used to measure the volume of a regular solid (like a rectangular block of wood) metric ruler The official name of the measurement system scientists all over the world use. The International System of Units (also called SI) means the same as SI, or the International System of Units metric system Advantages of using the SI system of measurement (or the metric system) 1) contains units based on the number "10" 2) scientists all over the world and most countries use the system Common measurments on the Celsius temperature scale 0° = freezing 20° = room temperature 37° = normal body temperature 100° = boiling Ways people used to measure things before standard systems were used body parts objects such as barley grains