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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Between 1964 and 2004 cigarette smoke caused an estimated ? million deaths.
12
Between 1964 and 2004 cigarette smoke caused an estimated 12 million deaths, of which ? million where from cancer.
4.1
Between 1964 and 2004 cigarette smoke caused an estimated 12 million deaths, of which ? million where from cardiovascular diseases.
5.5
Between 1964 and 2004 cigarette smoke caused an estimated 12 million deaths, of which ? million where from respiratory diseases.
1.1
Between 1964 and 2004 cigarette smoke caused an estimated 12 million deaths, of which ? infant deaths related to mothers smoking during pregnancy.
94,000
Nicotine come from what plants?
Nightshade family of plants
An oily substance resulting from the burning of tobacco and consisting of thousands of chemicals, some of which are carcinogenic or otherwise harmful.
Tar
A highly poisonous gas found in tobacco smoke.
Carbon monoxide
Each cigarette contains about ? mg of nicotine.
10
A smoker gets about ? mg of the drug from each cigarette.
1 to 2
Nicotine is only one of more than ? chemicals.
4,000
What are other ingredients of cigarettes
Tar
carbon monoxide
acetaldehyde
nitrosamines
Tar causes?
Lung cancer
emphysema
bronchial diseases
Carbon monoxide causes heart problems, which is one reason why smokers are at high risk for?
Heart disease
Cigarettes are referred to as?
Smokes
cigs
butts
Smokeless tobacco is referred to as?
Chew
dip
spit tobacco
snus
snuff
Hookah is referred to as?
Narghile
argileh
shisha
hubble bubble
goza
Nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream when the tobacco is?
Chewed
smoked
inhaled
Glucose is released into the blood while nicotine suppresses insulin output from the pancreases, which means that smokers have chronically elevated?
Blood sugar levels
Cigarette smoking accounts for about ? of all cancers including 90% of lung cancers.
1/3
On average adults who smoke die ? years earlier than non smokers.
14
NIDA
National Institute on Drug Abuse
A cerebral cortex structure deep within the lateral fissure between the temporal lobe and the frontal lobe.
Insula
Nerve cells that transmit nerve signals to and from the brain.
Neurons
Means related to the neurotransmitter acetycholine, and is typically used in a neurological perspective.
Cholinergic
Withdraw symptoms usually peak within the ? and may subside in a?
First few days/few weeks
This enzyme is responsible for the breakdown of dopamine, other neurotransmitters involved in mood regulation, and in a variety of bodily functions.
MAO monoamine oxidase
Tobacco abuse has been conclusively linked to?
Leukemia
Cataracts
pneumonia
ETS
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
In the US between 2007 and 2008, ? percent of teens ages 15 to 17 smoked cigarettes during their pregnancies.
20.6
What are the over the counter medications that replace nicotine and relieve the symptoms?
Nicotine inhaler
nicotine lozenges
nicotine spray
What are the prescriptions medications that are available for smoking cessation?
Bupropin
Varenicline tartrate
What is a Bupropin medication?
Zyban
What is a Varenicline tartrate medication?
Chantix
What were the first pharmacological treatments approved by the FDA?
Nicotine gum
transdermal nicotine patch
Nicotine containing inhaler that delivers nicotine in a vapor that that is absorbed in the mouth
Nicotine inhaler
A tablet that contains a dose of nicotine that dissolves slowly in the mouth to release the nicotine.
Nicotine lozenges
A nasal spray that contains a small dose of nicotine which enters the blood by being absorbed through the lining of the nose.
Nicotine nasal spray
Was the first non nicotine medications shown to be effective for smoking cessation and was approved by the FDA for that use in 1997.
Bupropion
A prescription medication used to treat smoking addiction
Varenicline tartrate
Were the first pharmacological treatments approved by the FDA for use in smoking cessation therapy
Nicotine replacement therapies
A type of chewing gum that delivers nicotine to the body. It is used as an aid in NRT.
Nicotine Gum
A transdermal patch that releases nicotine unto the body through the skin. It is usually used as a method to quit smoking.
Transdermal nicotine patch
The FDA approved of nicotine gum in ?, marking the availability, by prescription, of the first NRT.
1984
In ? the FDA approved Nicorette gum for over the counter sales.
1996