Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
molecule that holds gentic information, is double stranded, and has dexyribose.
(Deoxyribonucleic acid)
a carbon ring structure that contains one or more atoms of nitrogen; makes up DNA and RNA
Nitrogen base
within DNA containing one of four possible nitrogen bases
process by which DNA in chromosomes are copied
DNA replication
nucleic acid that is single stranded, has ribose, contains nitrogen bases(uracil), and is part of protein synthesis
(Ribonucleic acid)
Type of RNA that brings information from the DNA in the nucleus to the cytoplasm
Messenger RNA
Makes up ribosomes; clamps onto the mRNA and uses its information to assemble the amino acids in the correct order
Ribosomal RNA
Type of RNA that is the supplier; transports amino acids to the ribosome to be assembled into a protein
Transfer RNA
process, in the nucleus, in which enzymes make an RNA copy of a portion of a DNA strand
process of converting the information in a sequence of nitrogen bases in mRNA into a sequence of amino acids that make up a protein
the three-nucleotide sequence that codes for an amino acid(in mRNA)
three bases of tRNA that match the codon
any change in the DNA sequence that also changes the protein it codes for
a change in a single base pair in DNA
point mutation