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37 Cards in this Set

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Part of the thalamus that relays somatosensory info from the body
VPL

* What tracks involved?
Medial Lemniscus
Spinothalamic
Part of thalamus that relays info from cerebellum & basal ganglia to motor cortex
VL

* What nucleus in cerebellum?
Dentate nucleus
Part of thalamus that relays info from trigeminothalamic & taste pathways to somatosensory cortex
VPM
Part of thalamus that relays info from mamillothalamic tract to cingulate gyrus
Anterior

* Part of what circuit?
Papez circuit
Part of thalamus that integrates visual, auditory, & somesthetic input
Pulvinar
Part of thalamus that relays auditory info from brachium of inferior colliculus to primary auditory cortex
Medial Geniculate Body

"M for Music"
Part of thalamus that would result in memory loss if it was destroyed
Mediodorsal (MD)
Tumor marker: hepatocellular carcinoma
alpha-feto protein
Tumor marker: ovarian cancer
CA-125

* Also increased in what?
Any peritoneal inflammation
Tumor marker: pancreatic cancer
CA 19-9
CEA
Tumor marker: melanoma
S-100
Tumor marker: colon cancer
CEA
Tumor marker: astrocytoma
S-100

* What stain?
GFAP
MoA: Disulfram
Inhibits Alcohol DH
Increases Acetaldehyde
Drugs that cause disulfram-like reaction?
"Most Common Side-effect is Puking"
Metronidazole
Cephalosporins (some)
Sulfonureas (1st gen)
Procarbazine
MoA: protease inhibitors
Block protease
Inhibit maturation

* All end in what letters?
- navir
MoA: NRTI's
Competitive inhibition of RT

Prevent incorporation of DNA copy of viral DNA into host DNA

* Name them
Zidovudine (AZT)
Didanosine
Zalcitabine
Stavudine
MoA: NNRTI's
Binds RT directly (non-competitive)
Prevents incorporation of viral DNA into host DNA

* Name them
Nevirapine
Efavirenz
Delavirdine
MoA: fusion inhibitors
Binds gp41
Inhibits conformational change required for fusion with CD4 cells

* Name
Enfuvirtide
Examples of passive immunity
Mother-to-baby
IVIG
Rabies IG
RSV IG
Nerve damaged: loss of forearm pronation
Median nerve

* What muscle?
Pronator teres
Nerve damaged: loss of arm &^ forearm flexion
Musculocutaneous nerve

* What muscle(s)?
Biceps
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Nerve damaged: trouble initiating arm abduction?
Suprascapular nerve

* What muscle?
Supraspinatus
Nerve(s) damaged: unable to raise arm above horizontal
Spinal Accessory nerve
Long Thoracic nerve

* What muscles?
CN XI: Trapezius
LTN: Serratus Anterior
HY: boot-shaped heart
RVH
Asst'd with Tetralogy of Fallot
HY: continuous machine-like murmur
PDA

* Loudest at what point?
* Causes?
S2

Congenital rubella, prematurity
HY: tendon xanthomas
Type II Familial Hypercholesterolemia

* Inheritance?
* Lipoprotein increased?
* Lipid level increased?
AD
Lipoprotein: LDL
Lipid: Cholesterol
HY Subluxation of lenses
Marfan's

* Other symptoms?
Tall
Long extremities
Pectus excavatum
Hyperextensive joints
Cystic medial necrosis of aorta
Dissecting aortic aneurysm
MV prolapse
HY: cafe-au-lait spots
Neurofibromatosis-1

* Other name?
* Other symptoms?
von Recklinghausen's disease

Neural tumors
Lisch nodules
Scoliosis
Axillary freckles
Pheochromocytoma
Name some neural crest derivatives
PNS & non-neural structures nearby
ANS
DRG
Schwann cells
Arachnoid
Pia
Spiral septum
Melanocytes
Odotoblasts
Entero/chromaffin cells
Parafollicular C cells
Most common metastasis to brain
"Lots of Bad Stuff KillGlia"

Lung
Breast
Stomach
Kidney
GI
Most common metastasis to liver
"Cancer Sometimes Penetrates Benign Liver"

Colon
Stomach
Pancreas
Breast
Lung
Most common metastasis to bone
"PT(T) Barnum Loves Kids"

Prostate
Thyroid
Testes
Breast
Lung
Kidney

* Which are lytic/blastic?
Lung- lytic
Prostate- blastic
Breast- both
Name 4 types of epithelial cell junctions
Tight (zona occludens)
Intermediate (zona adherens)
Desmosome (macula adherens)
Gap Junction

* Proteins involved in non-epithelial adhesion of each?
Tight: selectins
Intermed: cadherins
Desmosome: I-CAMS
Gap: integrins
HY: psammoma bodies
PSaMMoma

Papillary (thyroid) CA
Serous (ovary) CA
Meningioma
Mesothelioma
HY: posterior cervical adenopathy
EBV
Cat Scratch
Acute Otitis Media
HY: Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa-theca cell tumor (ovary)

* What are they?
Disarrayed granulosa cells in eosinophilic fluid