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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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What are the side effects of amiodarone?
"Check your PFTs, LFTs, TFTs"
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Hepatotoxic
Hyper or Hypothyroidism
Cardiovascular toxicity
Corneal Deposits
Photosensitivity ("SAT" for a photo)
Contracted by eating undercooked fish & causes inflammation of the biliary tract?
Clonorchus sinensis
Most common protozoal infection in US?
Giardia
Trichomonas
Cause of Chagas' disease?
Trypanosoma cruzi
Most common helminthic infection in the US?
Enterobius vermicularis
(pinworm)
Snail host, causes "swimmers itch"?
Schistosoma mansoni
Diarrhea in campers & hikers?
Giardia lamblia
Transmitted in raw meat or infected cat feces?
Toxoplasma gondii
HY: thyroid cells with optically clear nuclei
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
HY: anemia with hypersegmented neutrophils?
Megaloblastic anemia
(Ex. B12 or folate deficiency)
HY: branching rods on oral infection?
Actinomyces israelii
HY: eczema (truncal), recurrent infections, throbocytopenia
Wiskott-Aldrich
HY: hemosiderinurea & thrombosis
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
HY: dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea (can lead to death)
Pellagra
(Niacin deficiency)
Medication for Trichomonas or Gardnerella?
Metronidazole
Medication for Plasmodium vivax or ovale?
Chloroquine & Primaquine
Medication for hookworm, pinworm, roundworm?
Bendazoles
(Worms are Bendy)

or Pyrantel Pamoate
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia?
Hallucinations
Delusions
Strange behavior
Loose associations
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia?
Catatonic
Poor grooming
Alogia
Social withdrawal
Poor motivation
Thought blocking
Medication for pediculosis capitis or pubis?
Permethrin
Pyrethrin
Lindane (2nd/3rd line; neurotox)
Malathion
Neutrophils fail to respond to chemotactic stimuli?
Job's Syndrome
(Hyper IgE)

Or Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency

* Defect in Job's?
* Clinical features?
Th cells don't produce IFN-γ

Eczema
Recurrent "cold" abcesses
Course facial features
Retained primary teeth
Adenosine deaminase deficiency?
SCID

* Clinical features?
* Tx?
FTT
Recurrent infections (all type)
Decreased B & T cells
Absent thymic shadow on CXR

Tx: BM transplant
Failure of endodermal development?
DiGeorge

* What pouches?
* Other findings?
3rd pharyngeal pouch: thymus & superior parathyroids
4th pharyngeal pouch: inferior parathyroids

Absent thymic shadow on CXR
Hypocalcemia
HypoPTH
Defective tyrosine kinase gene?
Bruton's agammaglobulinemia

* Genetic inheritance?
* Defect causes?
XR

Decrease in all mature B-cells
Failure of B-cell differentiation/maturation
Associated with high levels of IgE?
Job's Syndrome (aka Hyper IgE)

* Increase in what cell type?
Eosinophils
Bacteria associated with a cat scratch?
Bartonella henselisa
Bacteria associated with a dog/cat bite?
Pasteurella multocida
Bacteria associated with cat feces?
Toxoplama gondii
Bacteria associated with puppy feces?
Yersenia
Bacteria associated with animal urine?
Leptospira

* Virus associated with urine?
Haunta virus
Lipid-lowering agent side effect: facial flushing?
Niacin

* Antidote?
Aspirin
(to decrease PG)
Lipid-lowering agent side effect: elevated LFTs, myositis?
Statins
(HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors)

Fibrates
(Ex. Gemfibrozil)
Lipid-lowering agent side effect: GI discomfort, bad taste
Bile acid binding resins
(Ex. cholestyramine)
Best effect on HDL:
Niacin
Best effect on TGs/VLDLs?
Fibrates
Best effect on LDL cholestrol?
Statins (HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors)
Binds C. difficile toxin?
Cholestyramine