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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DISEASE
any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any part of the body
ETIOLOGY
the cause or origin of a disease or disorder
SYMPTOM
any distress, dysfunction, or abnormality
SYNDROME
combining of symptoms that occur together
AUSCULTATION
listening to selected organs with a stethoscope
INSPECTION
looking at parts of the body that are affected
PALPATION
the act of feeling with the hands and fingers
PERCUSSION
tapping with a finger on the body wall to try to detect variations in sound over masses, fluid, or air pockets
SEROLOGY
tests reactions to antigens
DEFICIENCY
a lack or defect
DEGENERATIVE
pertaining to deterioration; going from normal flow to a lower or more dysfunctional form
DEVELOPMENTAL
a type of disease which occurs as a result of some abnormality in the development of tissue, an organ, or body part-usually before birth or during growth stages
ESSENTIAL
diseases for which the cause is unknown
FAMILIAL
occurring in or affecting more members of a family than would be expected by chance
FUNCTIONAL
due to a disturbance of function without evidence of a structural or chemical abnormality
HEREDITARY
genetically transmitted from parent to offspring
IDIOPATHIC
unknown cause
INFECTIOUS
a disease caused by an infection
MOLECULAR
caused by abnormality in the chemical structure or concentration of a single molecule usually a protein or enzyme
NEOPLASTIC
pertaining to any new and abnormal growth; specifically a new growth of tissue which is progressive and uncontrolled
NUTRITIONAL
causation is due to nutritional factors, either insufficent or excessive dietary intake
ORGANIC
due to a demonstrable abnormality in a bodily structure
TRAUMATIC
resulting from some type of injury
ACQUIRED
the patient was not born with it
ACUTE
an illness with a short and relatively severe course
ASYMPTOMATIC
no symptoms
CHRONIC
persisting over a long period of time
CONGENITAL
present at birth
DISABLING
causes impairment of normal functions
END-STAGE
progressively deteriorating condition which has reached a point of terminal functional impairment of the affected organ or system
INTERMITTENT
causes symptoms at intervals
MALIGNANT
tending to become progressively worse and eventually causing death
NEONATAL
diseases affecting newborns
PAROXYSMAL
sudden reoccurence or intensification of symptoms
PROGRESSIVE
advancing; going forward; going from bad to worse
RECURRENT
reappears after it has apparently gone away
RELAPSING
the return of a disease after its apparent cessation
REMISSIVE
most or all of the symptoms have gone away
SEQUELA
an abnormality or disease which continues after the original disease has resolved
SUBACUTE
an illness which is neither acute nor chronic
TERMINAL
expected to end in death regardless of treatment