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112 Cards in this Set

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Directional terms
Directional terms describe the position of one body part in relation to another. They give the direction of the body part when a person is standing and facing forward.
Anterior (ventral)
at or toward the front of the body or body part
Distal
the part farthest from the center or from the point of attachment
Lateral
at the side of the body or body part
Medial
at or near the middle or midline of the body or body part
Posterior (dorsal)
at or toward the back of the body or body part
Proximal
the part nearest to the center or to the point or origin
Abbreviation
Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or phrases.
abd
abdomen
ac
before meals
ADL
activites of daily living
ad lib
as desired
AM (am)
morning
amb
ambulatory
amt
amount
ap
apical
bid
twice a day
BM (bm)
bowel movement
BP
blood pressure
BRP
bathroom privileges
_
c
with
C
centigrade
CA
cancer
cath
catheter
CBC
complete blood count
CBR
complete bedrest
cc
cubic centimeter
CNA
certified nursing assistant
c/o
complains of
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
dc (d/c)
discontinue
DOA
dead on arrival
DON
director of nursing
drsg
dressing
dx
diagnosis
ECG (EKG)
electrocardiogram
EEG
electroencephalogram
ER
emergency room
F
Fahrenheit
FBS
fasting blood sugar
gal
gallon
GB
gallbladder
GI
gastrointestinal
h (hr)
hour
H2O
water
HS (hs)
hour of sleep
ht
height
in
inch
I&O
intake and output
IV
intravenous
L
left, liter
lab
laboratory
lb
pound
liq
liquid
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LPN
licensed practical nurse
lt
left
LVN
licensed vocational nurse
LUQ
left upper quadrant
meds
medications
mid noc
midnight
min
minute
ml
milliliter
NA
nursing assistant
neg
negative
noc
night
NPO (npo)
nothing by mouth
O2
oxygen
OB
obstetrics
OOB
out of bed
OR
operating room
OT
occupational therapy
oz (OZ)
ounce
pc
after meals
peds
pediatrics
per
by, through
PM (pm)
after noon
po (per os)
by mouth
postop (post op)
postoperative
preop (pre op)
preoperative
prep
preparation
prn
when necessary
Pt (pt)
patient
PT
physical therapy
_
q
every
qd
every day
qh
every hour
q2h, q3h, etc.
every 2 hours, every 3 hours, and so on
qhs
every night at bedtime
qid
four times a day
qod
every other day
R
rectal temperature; respiration; right
RBC
red blood cell; red blood count
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RN
registered nurse
ROM
range of motion
RUQ
right upper quadrant
_
s
without
SOB
shortness of breath
Spec (spec)
specimen
SSE
soapsuds enema
stat
at once, immediately
tbsp
tablespoon
tid
three times a day
TLC
tender loving care
TPR
temperature, pulse, and respirations
tsp
teaspoon
U/a (U/A, u/a)
urinalysis
VS (vs)
vital signs
WBC
white blood cell; white blood count
w/c
wheelchair
wt
weight