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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1)
Mouth
a. Mastication
b. Salivary glands
1)
a. Mastication
b. Salivary glands
a. Increases surface area, digestion is more efficient
b. secrete enzymes: starch +amylose/hydrolosis => sugar
2)
Esophagus
3)
Stomach:
a. Hydrochloric acid
b. Pepsin secreted
3)
a. Hydrochloric acid
b. Pepsin secreted
a. HCl secreted: denatures proteins
b. proteins+ pepsin/hydrolosis => amino acids
4)
Small Intestine
a. Digestion (enzymes from pancreas)
b. Absorption
4)
a. Digestion (enzymes from pancreas)
b. Absorption
a. lipids+lipase => glycerol/fatty acids
proteins+proteases=>amino acids
nucleic acids+nucleases=>nucleotides
bile from gall bladder emulsifies fat, peristalsis; smooth muscle contractions
b. microvillus, capillary, lymph vessel
5)
Large Intestine/Colon
a. Absorbs
b. Bacteria
c. Solid wastes
d. Liver
5)
a. Absorbs
b. Bacteria
c. Solid wastes
d. Liver
a. Absorbs minerals and water
b. Bacteria make vitamins B + K
c. Solid wastes => anus
d. Liver: stores glycogen, absorbs iron and fat-soluble vitamins (A,D,E,K), detoxifies poison, deposits glucose in blood, lymph vessel absorbs liquid