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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gout
no meats rich in purines (organ meats, sardines, fish)
Osteoporosis
increase calcium, protein, vitamin D
Osteomyelitis
increase protein with sufficient carb, vitamins and minerals
Osteomalacia
vitamin D and calcium
Graves
Increase calories
Cystic Fibrosis
Low-fat and cholesterol -- high protein
Artherosclerosis
low-fat and cholesterol -- high protein
Heart Failure/Hypertension
Sodium restricted
Constipation -- large bowel
high fiber
Elimination problems and lower bowel
low residue -- white processed foods, buttered rice -- no wheat, corn, bran
Burns, Infection, Hyperthyroid
High protein
Renal Failure
Low protein, low potassium and sodium -- no brans, cereals or citrus fruits
PKU
Low phenylalanine -- no meat, eggs, beans, bread
Renal and uretal calculi
low calcium and sodium, low oxalates (spinach, cola, tea, chocolate) -- vitamin D. enriched foods
Alkaline urine -- to increase pH
milk, fruit execpt cran and blueberries, plums, prunes
vegetables
small amounts of meat
Acidify urine
increase eggs, fish, poultry cranberries, blueberries, plums, prunes
Glomerulonephritis
increase calories, decrease protein -- restrict sodium
acute/chronic renal failure

oliguric
after diuretic phase
chronic
oliguric -- limit fluids, tpn
after -- increase protein, calories
Chronic -- regulate protein, restrict sodium, pot, vit
VMA test
normal 1-5
no coffee, tea, bananas, vanilla, chocolate three days before
Angina and heart attack
balanced with limited fat and sodium
Anemia
increase protein, iron and vitamins
pancreatic tumor
increase calorie, bland, low-fat -- small meals, frequent
hiatal hernia
small, frequent feedings
pyloric stenosis
glucose water, electrolyte 4-6 hours post op
ulcer
3 meals a day
Chronics/ulcerative colitis
increase protein, calorie, decrease fat and fiber
Diverticular

asymptomatic and symptomatic
no seeds and nuts and gas forming foods
increase fluids
asymptomatic -- high fiber
symptomatic -- low fiber
Cholecytitis/lithias
no fried foods, pork, cheese, alcohol
pancreatitis
NPO
Cirrhosis
high in thiamine -- pork, nuts, whole grain, beans,
Vitamin K rich foods
green, leafy vegetables, brocolli