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33 Cards in this Set

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the principle that growth follows a pattern that begins with the head and upper body parts and then proceeds down to the rest of the body
Cephalocaudal Principle
the principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward
Proximodistal Principle
simple skills typically develop separately and independently, but are later integrated into more complex skills
Principle of Hierarchical Integration
the basic cell of the nervous system
neuron
the gap at the connection between neurons, through which neurons chemically communicate with one another
synapse
a fatty substance that helps insulate neurons and speeds the transmission of nerve impulses
myelin
the upper layer of the brain
cerebral cortex
the degree to which a developing structure of behavior is modifiable due to experience
plasticity
a specific time in one's life, during which one is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development
sensitive period
repetitive, cyclical patterns of behavior
rhythms
the degree of awareness than an infant displays to both internal and external stim
state
unlearned, organized involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stim
reflexes
movement of legs when held upright with feet touching the floor
stepping reflex
infant's tendency to paddle and kick in a sort of swimming motion when lying face down in a body of water
swimming reflex
arms of the infant are thrust outward and then appear to grasp onto something
Moro reflex
infant fans out its toes in response to a stroke on the outside of its foot
Babinski reflex
infant, in response to a sudden noise, flings out its arms, arches its back, and spreads its fingers
startle reflex
rapid shutting and opening of eye on exposure to direct light
Eye-blinking reflex
infant's tendency to suck at things that touch its lips
sucking reflex
an infant's reflex to clear its throat
gagging reflex
the theory of how motor skills develop and are coordinated
dynamic systems theory
the average performance of a large sample of children of given age
norms
a measure designed to determine infants' neurological and behavioral responses to their environment
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
disorder in which infants stop growing due to a lack of stim and attention as a result of inadequate parenting
nonorganic failure to thrive
the sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration of stimuli involving the sense organs
perception
the degree of awareness than an infant displays to both internal and external stim
state
the theory of how motor skills develop and are coordinated
dynamic systems theory
the average performance of a large sample of children of given age
norms
a measure designed to determine infants' neurological and behavioral responses to their environment
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
disorder in which infants stop growing due to a lack of stim and attention as a result of inadequate parenting
nonorganic failure to thrive
the sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration of stimuli involving the sense organs
perception
the approach that considers how information that is collected by various individual sensory systems in integrated and coordinated
multimodal approach to perception
the action possibilities that a given situation or stimulus provides
sffordances