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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
United States Constitution
the rules of being a citizen of the U.S. It states the ideas of government
the act of business Direct Election- the people's vote chooses a political office
chosen for something, example- a job
An agreement or treaty between two or more parties
Civil War
a war fought within once country
Unwritten Constitution
Practices that are not in the constitution but are followed because of tradition. Political parties, Lobbyist, Cabinet, Committee Systems, Jusicial Review
George Washington
1st president of the US and believed the country should stay neutral and out of foreign affairs
1st admendment
Abolishes slavery
14th admendment
defines citizens
15th admendment
voting rights for all men
John Locke
Enlightenment philosopher that believed in life, liberty, and happiness, natural rights, social contract
Baron de Montesquieu
Enlightenment philosopher that believed in separation of powers
Beginning of a document stating its purpose
Northwest Ordinance
Divided new lands in the Northwest in order for them to be governed
Democratice Principle
an idea that surrounds democracy
John Marshall
Supremem Court Justice that expanded Federal powers
Concurrent Powers
powers are shared between the state and federal government, example- taxation
1st admendment
gives people the freedom of speech, religion, press and assembly
National Government
The governement that controls the entire US
State Government
the government that controls individual states in the US
Reserved Power
Only state government can control, ex.- driving license, education
National Power
Only the federal government can control laws, ex.- declare war on another country, make treaty
an agreement between two countries
a selected group of people by the president to advise him. Part of the unwritten constitution
a terrorist group who target all who are not white Anglo-Saxon Protestant
Labor Union
a group of people who come together to fight for worker rights
A building or expansion of society
Dawes Act
A law requiring Native Americans to assimilate to the US culture
Alexander Hamilton
Developed a financial plan to get the US out of debt. Wrote the federalist papers
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln's statement that all slaves would be free if southern states did not come back to the union
Andrew Johnson
became president after lincoln was assassinated. he was impeached on a technicality because congress did not like him
to leave a job on your own terms
homestead act
a way to get people to move out west. If people setteled a piece of land given to them for 5 years they can keep it
people who do not like immigrants
Constitutional Convention
the place where our founding fathers of our country wrote the constitution
Great Compromise
agreement between large and small states over representation. Bicameral legislation
Transcontinental railroad
railroad that goes across the continent
a tax on imported goods
protective tariff
a tax on imported goods to help the growth of an industry inside a country
Committees of Correspondence
griup ste up during the colonial period to persuade Britain to allow colonial representation
1st continental congress
a meeting of the founding fathers where it was declined that the colonies should break away from england
declaration of sentiments
a document written at the Seneca Falls Convention that follows the ideas of declaration of independence stating that women are equal to men
Seneca Falls Convention
A place where the declaration of sentiments were written in an effort to show equality amongst men and women
Bleeding Kansas
A mini war between pro and anti slavery people where proslavery people came down and willed anti slavery issues
Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scot (a slave) sued his owner for his freedom. Supremem court ruled that slaves were property
John Brown
A virginal farmer who encouraged slaves to revolt. John Brown was arrested and killed
Robber Barons
People who owned industries during the Idustrial Revolution who were thought to take advantage of or steal from the poor. Negative
Captain of Industry
The same people who were considered robber barons were considered heroes or leaders by people who made money off the captains od industry
American Federation of Labor
Largest labor union in the US which organized skilled labor
Sherman Anti Trust Act
a law created to stop trusts from forming and destroying the economy
Clayton Anti Trust Act
out lawed a number of businesses actions that gave large companies advantages over small ones. End price fixing, leagalized strikes and boycotts
Populist Party
was formed to protect the rights of farmers. They introduced a graduated income tax
Jane Addams
A reformer to help immigrants and the poor survive in society through settlement houses
Mayflower Compact
an agreement between pilgrims to self govern
House of Burgesses
a place where colonist held meetings regarding colonial government
Andrew Jackson
President for the common man changed Jacksonian Democracy, this changed the voting requirements regarding land ownership
Spoils System
Giving people jobs because they supported you during election
Missouri Compromise 1820
Missouri enters as a slave state, Maine enters as a free state, 36,30 Mason Dixon line, anything north would be free and anything south slave
Compromise 1850
California is admitted as a free state, slave trade was abolished in Washington DC, Fugitive Slave Law was enacted, New Mexico and Utah would be decided by popular sovereignty
a political party created to protect the rights of famers
Trust Busters
Teddy Roosevelt's nickname for breaking up so many trusts during his presidency
Federal Reserve System
Created by Woodrow Wilson to regulate the Monetary System in the US
Interstate Commerce Act
federal government will control business between states
Jacob Riis
a photographer reformer during the Progressive era that wrote How The Other Half Lives
Ide Tarbell
A reformer who exposed Standard Oils evils as a big business
Woodrow Wilson
President during WWI. Developed the 14 points to end the war
Treaty of Versailles
ended WWI putting all the blame on Germans. Germany had to repay billions in damage to other countries
Republican, blamed for the Great Depression. Trickle Down Theory of Economics
Theory of immigration
during the deprssion in the 1920's was to favor wealthy and well educated
Characteristics of economic depression
high unemployment and overproduction
William Randolph Hearst
Journalist who used yellow journalism to sensationalize the spanish american war
Yellow Journalism
Sensationalizes news created to make people read the paper
John Scopes
Arrested for teaching the theory of evolution
Dictator rules a state and they are the supreme source of the law
Totalitarian Government
A small group of people have total control over citizens lives
Stimson Doctrine
US would not recognize Japanese control of Manchuria or other Japanese expansion
Cash and Carry
Allies could buy military supplies with cash and take them away. US was "neutral" at the beginning of WWII
Lend Lease Plan
Gave the president the power to lend or lease arms and supplies to any country whose defense was vital to the US
Good Neighbor Policy
ended all armed intervention in Latin America. US gave up rights to intervene in Cuba (FDR)
Washington Naval Conference 1921
Major powers agree no large battleships for 10 years in the Pacific
Big Three
Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt during WWII
Eisenhower Doctrine
Statement saying that he would help contain communism by sending US forces to any Middle Eastern country who requested help. Eisenhower was Republican
Sacco and Vanzetti
2 italian immigrants who were accused of committing murder to obtain money for anarchist revolution
National origins Act
Only german, british or scandinavian countries could enter US
Harlem Renaissance
African American cultural explosion- Langston Hughes
Gross Domestic or National Product
GDP or GNP value in dollars of value in dollars of all the goods and sevices produced in the US in one year
Per Capital Income
The GDP divided by the population. It provides and indication of the average income of a single person
Unemployment rate
measures the ammount of unemployed people who are actively looking for work
National Debt
the total ammount of money owed by our national government to those who have lent it money
Inflation rate
measures how quickly money loses its value because people are paying more for the same ammount