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95 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The category of software that is designed for computer-centric tasks is ___ software.
system
__ software helps you carry out tasks such as creating documents, editing graphics, and conducting mathematical modeling.
Application
___ software can be defined as any type of software that has the potential to help people do their work more efficiently.
Productivity
Antivirus software, file shredders, and desktop widgets are categorized as __ software.
utility
A(n) __ driver is designed to help a peripheral device establish communication with a computer.
device
__ publishing software uses frames to hold text and graphics.
Desktop
__ software is useful for performing "what-if" analyses.
Spreadsheet
When using database software, you can search for data by entering a keyword or a natural language ___.
query
___ software is a special type of 3-D graphics software designed for architects and engineers who use computers to create blueprints and product specifications.
CAD
Payroll, accounting, and project management software are examples of a category of business software called __ market software.
horizontal
Most computer operating systems include some applications and __ software for file compression, editing text, and making backups.
utility
Software __ from less-than-reputable Web sites sometimes contains viruses.
downloads
__ law allows you to make an extra, or backup, copy of software as long as you do not defeat any copy protection mechanisms.
copyright
___ that expires after a set period of time is often factory-installed on new computers.
Demoware
OpenOffice and Linux are examples of __ source software that can be legally modified and redistributed.
open
Computer software typically includes many files that contain user-___ programs, support programs, and data.
executable
Most local software applications include a(n) __ program that guides you through the installation progress.
setup
Usually all the files for downloaded software are __ into one large file that is also compressed to decrease its size and reduce download time.
compressed
When you activate software, the process might create a(n) __ value based on your validation code and your computer's internal serial number.
hash
A(n) __ pack is a set of patches that correct problems and address security vulnerabilities.
service
A computer __ can lurk in a computer for days or months, quietly replicating itself.
virus
A mass-mailing __ spreads to other computers by sending itself to all the addresses stored in the local e-mail client.
worm
A group of zombie computers controlled by a hacker is called a(n) __.
botnet
A virus __ is a unique section of malicious code that can be identified by antivirus software.
signature
A(n) __ file is suspected of containing a virus, so your antivirus software usually encrypts the file and stores it in a special folder.
quarantined
__ software is designed for computer-centric tasks, whereas __ software is designed to help people accomplish real-world tasks.
system, application
__ software is designed to help you monitor and configure settings for your computer system equipment, the operating system, or application software.
utility
Desktop __ display controls and snippets of information for clocks, calendars, calculators, news aggregators, sticky notes, and weather stations.
widgets
Device __ are a type of system software that helps a computer establish communication with peripheral devices.
drivers
__ software can be defined as any type of application software that has the potential to help people do their work more efficiently.
productivity
__ is designed to help several people collaborate on a single project using local networks or Internet connections.
Groupware
Document ___ software assists you with composing, editing, designing, printing, and electronically publishing documents.
production
__ software is similar to a smart piece of paper that automatically adds up the columns of numbers you write on it.
spreadsheet
Because it is so easy to experiment with different numbers, spreadsheet software is particularly useful for __ analyses.
what if
___ software helps you store, find, organize, update, and report information stored in one or more tables.
Database
When two sets of records are __, database software allows you to access data from both tables at the same time.
related
__ software, including paint, photo editing, drawing, 3-D, and presentation software, is designed to help you create, manipulate, and print images.
Graphics
For businesses, __ market software is designed to automate specialized tasks in a specific market or business.
vertical
__ market software is generic software that can be used by just about any kind of business.
horizontal
If you want utilities other than those included with your computer's operating system, you can explore software offered by __-party vendors.
third
When shopping for application software, consider software __, which are a collection of software applications sold as a single package.
suites
Software can be purchased in a box containing __media, such as CDs or DVDs, or as a download.
distribution
__ software, such as commercial software, is protected by copyright that grants to its author an exclusive right to copy, distribute, sell, and modify that work.
Proprietary
Public __ software is not protected by copyright.
domain
A software __ can extend or limit the rights granted by copyright.
license
Demoware and __ are distributed free of charge, but require payment for continued use.
shareware
__ source software is distributed with its source code, and can be modified, sold, and redistributed.
Open
The process of __ software places a program into a computer so that it can be executed or run.
installing
The main program is stored in a(n) __ file that might call additional programs as necessary.
executable
Most programs are __ applications, designed to be installed or "loaded" on a hard disk.
local
A(n) __ program, included with the software, guides you through the installation process.
set up
For downloaded software, the first step in the installation process is usually to __ the distribution file that was compressed to conserve space and reduce download time.
unzip
In contrast to local applications, __ software is designed to run from removable storage, such as CD or USB flash drive.
portable
__ applications are designed to be accessed with a browser.
Web
A software __ is a small section of program code that replaces part of the software you currently have installed.
patch
The term service __, which usually applies to operating system updates, is a set of patches that correct problems and address security vulnerabilities.
pack
To remove software from a PC, it is important to use a(n) __ routine, rather than simply deleting program files.
uninstall
A computer __ is a set of program instructions that attaches itself to a file, reproduces itself, and spreads to other files.
virus
A computer __ is a self-replicating program designed to carry out some unauthorized activity on a victim's computer.
worm
In the context of computing, a Trojan __ is a computer program that seems to perform one function while actually doing something else.
horse
It might steal passwords using a type of program called a __ that records keystrokes.
keylogger
Remote Access Trojan sets up __ capabilities that allow remote hackers to access files on victims' computers.
backdoor
__ programs can turn computers into zombies and link them together into __.
Bot, botnets
__ is a type of program that secretly gathers personal information without the victim's knowledge, usually for advertising and other commercial purposes.
Spyware
To combat malware, it is important to use __ software that looks for virus signatures.
antivirus
Most computer owners obtain this software as one module in a security __.
suite
You've volunteered to create some graphics for a nonprofit organization, but you'll need a variety of graphics software tools for the organization's computer. Your first choice is to consider a graphics __ that bundles together paint, draw, and Web graphics software.
suite
Suppose that you've been hired to organize a professional skateboard competition. When you consider how you'll need to use computers, you realize that you must collect information on each competitor and keep track of every competitive event. With at least two types of related records, you'll probably need to use __ software.
database
Imagine that you just purchased a new software package. You insert the distribution CD, but nothing happens. No problem--you can manually run the __ program, which will start the install routine.
set up
You are preparing to download a new software program from the Web. The download consists of one huge file with an .exe extension. You recognize this file as a self-___ executable file that will automatically unzip itself and start the installation routine.
installing
You download an open source software program from the Web. You assume that the download includes the uncompiled __ code for the program as well as the __ version.
source, compiled
You're in the process of receiving some e-mail messages when your antivirus software displays an alert. You assume that it has discovered a virus __ in an attachment for one of the email messages. The message also states that the file has been __; that is, moved to an area where it cannot cause more harm.
signature, quarantined
Software can be purchased from a store as a boxed commercial product or purchased from a Web site and downloaded. The main advantage of a boxed product is ___.
A. the distribution CDs are available in case your hard drive fails
B. it is usually cheaper than the download
C. it is more dependable than a download
D. it has more features than the downloaded version
A. the distribution CDs are available in case your hard drive fails
__ is a key feature that distinguishes desktop publishing software from other document production software.
A. Frame-oriented layout
B. Table-oriented graphs
C. Page numbering
D. Mail merge
A. Frame-oriented layout
___ is a type of application software designed to help several people collaborate on a single project using local networks or Internet connections.
groupware
Which one of the following statements about downloading software is FALSE?
A. Some download sites display an irritating number of ads and could be run by hackers to distribute malware
B. Software you download typically has fewer features than the software that you purchase in a box
C. Depending on the speed of your Internet connection, downloading a big application can tie up your computer for a few hours
D. If your hard drive fails, you might not have the physical media and serial number needed for reinstalling the software applications
B. Software you download typically has fewer features than the software that you purchase in a box
If you want to work with MP3 and AAC files, you should probably use __.
A. word processing software
B. audio editing software
C. graphics software
D. none of the above
D. none of the above
BSD and GPL are examples of __.
A. operating systems
B. open source and free software licenses
C. computer viruses
D. built-in spreadsheet formulas
B. open source and free software licenses
For documents that you plan to publish on the Web, use desktop publishing software, which provides a sophisticated set of HTML formatting tools. True or false?
False
A file __ such as .docx, indicates the type of data stored in a file and which software can be used to view the file contents.
extension
In a database, a series of records is usually depicted in table format. True or false?
True
A virus __ is intended to make you think that there is a new virus on the loose.
hoax
A EULA is __.
A. an end-user license agreement for using software
B. a warranty offered to customers who purchase software
C. a copyright notice on software
D. software supplied on a trial basis that expires, usually after a 30-day period
A. an end-user license agreement for using software
Most antivirus products are preconfigured to regularly check for updates, download them, and install them without user intervention. True or false?
True
When you purchase software CD-ROMs containing handwritten labels, it is possible that you have purchased a pirated copy of the software. True or false?
True
A computer ___ is a set of program instructions that attaches itself to a file, reproduces itself, and spreads to other files.
virus
When composing a document, you can use the __ feature to find each occurrence of frequently used words and decide whether you want to substitute a different word.
A. auto-correct
B. search and replace
C. commenting
D. edit and merge
B. search and replace
The term __ refers to viruses and other computer programs designed to surreptitiously enter a computer, gain unauthorized access to data, or disrupt normal processing operations.
malware
Depending on what you're looking for, you can purchase various types of software from __.
A. mail-order catalogs
B. software download sites
C. your local art supply store
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
Examples of utility software include __.
A. communications programs
B. setup wizards
C. diagnostic tools
D. all of the above
D. all of the above
A Web app __.
A. runs locally
B. runs on a remote computer connected to the Internet
C. requires a local-side server
D. has to be installed on your computer's hard disk before you can run it
B. runs on a remote computer connected to the Internet
Currently, antivirus software is not yet available for handheld computers and USB flash drives. True or false?
False
A computer __ is designed to spread from computer to computer.
worm
__ software such as AceMoney and Intuit Quicken, is designed to keep records of income, expenses, assets, and liabilities using a simple checkbook-like user interface.
A. Tax preparation
B. Statistical
C. Personal finance
D. all of the above
C. Personal finance
A(n) __ reference never changes when you insert rows or copy or move formulas in a worksheet.
absolute