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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 eras of policing
early policing, 20th cty reform (reform era, community era
Political era
dominated by politics, police has little training but discretion. Used the patronage system (favors)
Reform Era
professional Model, emphasized centralized police orgs, increase use of technology, and used more regulations and guidelines
Community Era
stresses cooperation with community and problem solving. Police treat ppl better
Functions of a police officer
1. enforce law
2. provide community service
3. prevent crime from occuring
4. preserving the peace
Reactive strategies
officers respond/react to individual calls for service, goal is to handle crime quickly, alternative is respond more quickly to serious crimes
Proactive strategies
innovative techniques to try to prevent crimes from happening in the first place
hot crimes
crimes that are more serious
Ex of community policing strategies
public education, watch programs, foot patrol, adopt a cop
Dual court system
state courts and federal courts
Federal courts
enforce fed law in all 50 states and d.c.
jurisdiction
court's authority to hear a case
geographical jurisdiction
hear disputes arising within specific political boundaries
judicial circuits
a specifc jurisdiction served by a judge or court
subject matter jurisdiction
power to hear and decide only specific types of cases (ie misdemeanors, appeals, civil actions under 1,000)
courts of limited jurisdiction
"lower courts" do not try felony cases, no appellate authority, entry courts, receive bail
courts of general jurisdiction
felony cases, circuit courts or district courts. In fla, county courts can be general juris.
crts of appellate jurisdiction
restricted to matters being appealed from lower courts
intermediate appelate courts
appeals courts
court of last resort
supreme court or us supreme court
us supreme court
highest in nation, 9 justices (chief-John Roberts), serve for life, nominated by president comfirmed by senate
certiorari power
supreme crts authority to exercise its own discretion in deciding ehich cased to hear
rule of 4
to hear a case, 4 justices must agree
county courts 67 in state
limited jurisdiction, try suits up to 15,000
circuit courts 20 in state
general jurisdiction, cases not assigned to county crts
district courts of appeal 5
hear cases appealed from circuit crt
fla's supreme crt
7 justices (chief Fred lewis)