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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is racial profiling?
Alleged practice whereby police stop and search minorities for minor violations significantly more often than whites.
Since most people have little direct contact with the police what helps form their attitudes about police?
Media portrayals
What are the three styles of policing?
watchman,legalistic, and service style.
Describe the legalistic style of policing.
This style is more reactive. For example, police respond to calls and act if there is probable cause. It focuses on law violations.
Describe the service style of policing.
Found in middle and upper class neighborhoods. Police seek to correct problems correlated with crime.
Describe the watchman style of policing.
Found in low-class neighborhoods. Emphasizes maintenance and order.
What are the two primary causes of police stress?
Nature of work and department practices.
A belief that human conduct is motivated entirely by self-interest.
A "normlessness" or lack of attachment felt by some people towards their society.
Niederhoffer found that suicide rates are ___% higher among police than the general population.
Socialization model
The view that police officers learn their attitudes and values from socializing experiences such as education and experience on the job.
Predispositional model
View that police officers attitudes and values are developed prior to entry into the law enforcement profession.
When people are positive about their opinions event though the opinions may be unwarranted.
Police discretion
The ability to choose between arrest and non-arrest solely on the basis of the officers judgment.
Selective enforcement
An unwritten policy in which police are not required to fully enforce all laws as written.
Police pursuits
Police chases of suspects immediately after a crime has been committed.
What are the forms of police corruption?
Non-feasance,misfeasance and malfeasance.
"fleeing felon" rule
Police can use deadly force against any felon who flees the scene of a crime.
Police brutality
Use of excessive physical force by police in carrying out their duties.
Arthur Niederhoffer is noted for his study of the problem of ______ among police officers.
The failure to perform a legal duty in a proper manner is called ______.
According to the ruling in Graham v. Connor, police officers may be held liable under the Fourth Amemdment when they ...
Use excessive force
A study in six cities found that less than one in ___ arrests involved police use of force in any form.
Jerome Skolnick's analysis suggests that danger and isolation are a key to understanding the ______ of police.
What are the findings of the several studies (in different locations) on police pursuits?
The studies found that police pursuits are unnecessary.