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25 Cards in this Set

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National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
A reporting system in which the police describe each offense in a crime incident, together with data describing the offender, victim, and property.
National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)
Interviews of samples of the U.S. population conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to determine the number and types of criminal victimizations and thus the extent of unreported as well as reported crime.
organized crime
A framework for the perpetration of criminal acts—usually in fields such as gambling, drugs, and prostitution—providing illegal services that are in great demand.
mala prohibita
Offenses prohibited by law but not wrong in themselves.
crime
A specific act of commission or omission in violation of the law, for which a punishment is prescribed.
crime control model
A model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to repress crime; it emphasizes efficiency, speed, finality, and the capacity to apprehend, try, convict, and dispose of a high proportion of offenders.
crimes without victims
Offenses involving a willing and private exchange of illegal goods or services that are in strong demand. Participants do not feel they are being harmed, but these crimes are prosecuted on the ground that society as a whole is being injured.
cybercrimes
Offenses that involve the use of one or more computers.
dark figure of crime
A metaphor referring to the dangerous dimension of crime that is never reported to the police.
due process model
A model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to ensure that criminal justice decisions are based on reliable information; it emphasizes the adversarial process, the rights of defendants, and formal decision-making procedures.
felonies
Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of incarceration for more than one year or the death penalty.
identity theft
The theft of social security numbers, credit card numbers, and other information in order to secure loans, withdraw bank funds, and purchase merchandise while posing as someone else, the unsuspecting victim who will eventually be charged for these financial transactions.
mala in se
Offenses that are wrong by their very nature.
mala prohibita
Offenses prohibited by law but not wrong in themselves.
misdemeanors
Offenses less serious than felonies and usually punishable by incarceration of no more than one year, probation, or intermediate sanctions.
misdemeanors
Offenses less serious than felonies and usually punishable by incarceration of no more than one year, probation, or intermediate sanctions.
money laundering
Moving the proceeds of criminal activities through a maze of businesses, banks, and brokerage accounts in order to disguise their origin.
National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS)
Interviews of samples of the U.S. population conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to determine the number and types of criminal victimizations and thus the extent of unreported as well as reported crime.
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
A reporting system in which the police describe each offense in a crime incident, together with data describing the offender, victim, and property
occupational crime
Criminal offense committed through opportunities created in a legal business or occupation.
organized crime
A framework for the perpetration of criminal acts—usually in fields such as gambling, drugs, and prostitution—providing illegal services that are in great demand.
political crime
An act, usually done for ideological purposes, that constitutes a threat against the state (such as treason, sedition, or espionage) or a criminal act by the state.
public policy
Priorities and actions developed by government to use public resources as a means to deal with issues affecting society.
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
Annually published statistical summary of crimes reported to the police, based on voluntary reports to the FBI by local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies.
visible crime
An offense against persons or property that is committed primarily by members of the lower class. Often referred to as “street crime” or “ordinary crime,” this type of offense is the one most upsetting to the public.