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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The most valuable type of research is
The experiment used to discover cause-and-effect-relationships.
Experiments emphasize parsimony which means
Interpreting results in the simplest way
Occams Razor suggests that experimenters
interpret results in the simplest manner
A counselor educator is running an experiment to test a form or counseling -- but one client is seeing Gestalt therapist. The experiment
Is confounded/flawed
Non-directive is to person-centered as
parsimony is to Occam's Razor.
An experiment is said to be confounded when
undesirable variables are not kept out of the experiment
terminology IV and DV
independent variable
depentent variable
Hypothesis: biofeedback reduces anxiety and improves avg score on written exams. The IV will be and the DV will be
board exam score
Experimenters should always abide by code of ethics. The variable you manipulate/control in an experiment is the
IV or independent variable
In order for the prof to conduct exp re hypot about biofeedback & exam scores he will need
Control group and experimental group
Type I and Type II errors are called _____ and _____ respectively.
alpha; beta
A Type I error occurs when
you reject null when it is true
A Type II error
is called a beta error and means you accept null when it is false.
Assume the experiment in question 8 is conducted. The results indicate that the biofeedback helped raise written board exam scores but in reality this is not the case. The researcher has made a
Type I error
A counselor educator decides to increase the sample size in her experiment. This will
reduce Type I and Type II errors.