Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/121

Click to flip

121 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1 Which of the following antacids may result in kidnew stones with prolonged use
Milk of Magnesium (magnesium hydroxide)
2What is the medication used for athletes foot, insect bites and poison ivy?
Burrow's Solution
3As a liquid, Silver Nitrate is used for
wet dressing on burns
Drops in newborn eyes to prevent gonorrheal ophthalmia
4 What is the neurotoxic agent that must not be used on premature infants, denuded skin, burns and mucous membranes?
Phisohex (Hexachlorophene)
5 One of the first antiseptic agents used was
Carbolic Acid (Phenol)
6 Phenol is inactivated by
alcohol
7 What is the treatment for vincent's angina?
Hydrogen Peroxide
8Penicillin is effective in the treatment of
Bacterial Endocarditis
9 First true broad-spectrum antibiotic
Tetracycline
10 Achromycin is used in the treatment of all the following
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Relapsing Fever
Lymphogranulomas Venereum
NOT TULAREMIA
11Tetracycline should not be administered with the following?
Milk products, iron preparations, antacids
12 When patients are on Gentamicin it is necessary to monitor..
Renal and heptic functions
13What is the drug of choice when Penicillin is contraindicated?
Erythromycin
14 What medication turns urine a bright red or orange color?
Pyridium (Phenazopyridine)
15 What med is primarily used in the treatment of Tinea Pedis
Desenex (Undecylenic Acid)
16 What is the drug of choice in the treatment of Malaria
Primaquine
17What is the drug of choice for pinworm and roundworm infections?
Antiminth
(Pyrantel Pamoate)
18What drug will stain stool bright red?
Povan
(Pyrvinium Pamoate)
19 Diamox (Acetazolamide_ is classified as a diuretic but it's primarily indicated in the treatment of
Glaucoma
20What is the primary treatment of Narcolepsy?
Dexedrine (Dextroamphetamine Sulfate)
21 This drug is indicated in hyperkinetic children and children with Attention Deficit Disorder
Ritalin
22 What is the drug of choice for Petit Mal Epilepsy?
Luminal
23Drug of choice for the treatment of Grand Mal Epilepsy?
Dilantin (Phenytoin Sodium)
24 What medication is contraindicated in patients with head injuries, acute alcoholism and convulsive disorders?
Morphine Sulfate
25 What is the drug of choice for Status Epilepticus
Diazepam
25 What is the drug of choice for Status Epilepticus?
Diazepam
26What is the drug of choice for Manic Episodes?
Lithium
29Riboflavin is most commonly used with Nicotinic Acid in the treatment of?
Pellegra
27 What medication is primarily used for the prevention of erection in urological adult male patients following circumcisions
Amyl Nitrate
30 What is useful in the treatment of acne and pseudofolliculitis Barbae
Retinol
28 Beriberi, a deficiency disease that is treated with
Thiamine Hydrochloride
31 What is tmost often used during Isoniazid (INH) therapy to prevent the development of Peripheral Neuritis
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride
32 During recovery patient experiences psychological manifestations (dreams and hallucinations)?
Ketamine
34This medication is useful in treatment of cramps, headaches and moderate pain but not for patients with GI bleeding
Motrin
33What anesthetic is nonflammable and nonexplosive?
halothane
35The standard to which all other local anesthetics are compared is
Xylocaine (Lidocaine Hydrochloride)
36 What medication is used in the treatment of Myasthenia Gravis?
Prostigmin (Neostigmine Methylsulfate)
37 This vitamin prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults
Vit D
39A scabicide with an anti pruritic effect is known as
Eurax
40Lindane is used in what percentage?
1%
41 These drugs start adrenal medullary discharge of epinephrine
Sympathomimetic
43 What is the most widely used drug in the treatment of migraines?
Cafergot
46What is the drug of choice for anaphylaxis?
Epinephrine
47What medications are known as vasoconstrictors?
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride (Neo-Synephrine)
Adrenalin (Epinephrine)
Tetrahydrozaline Hydrochloride (Visine)
48 Afrin relieves nasal congestion, but can not be used longer than ?
3 days
49Pharmacology was formerly known by its Latin name which is
Materia Medica
38 This is necessary for the prevention and cure of scurvy
Ascorbic Acid
50The "Blue Bible" of pharmacology is ..
The Pharmaceutical Basis of Therapeutics
39 A scabicide with an antipruritic effect is known as?
Eurax
Clarks rule/youngs rule
FIND
51 The most common factor that influences the amount of drug given to a patient is
age
54 the most common method of administering medication is
orally
42 What is the prophylaxis for the common migraine headache?
Inderal
55The drug group most commonly used to treat Dyspepsia is?
antacids
56In addition to being an antacid, Magnesium Hydroxide may be used as a
Laxative
58Which of the followoing is an ideal emollient to protect sensitive skin from the sun?
Zinc Oxide Ointment
44 What medication helps prevent cluster headaches from becoming vascullar headaches?
Methysergide Maleate (Sansert)
59Which of the following is a bronchomucotropic agent
Guaifenesin (Robitussin)
45 What drug interferes with prothrombin formation in the liver and is used in the treatment of embolisms
Warfarin Sodium (Coumadin)
61An accidental spill of phenol can be neutralized by
alcohol
The most common use for systemic sulfonimides is the treatment of
Urinary Tract Infections
62The primary pharmacological action of sulfonimides is ?
Bacteriostatic
63 Supplemental therapy for most systemic sulfonimides is
Forcing fluids and/or sodium bicarbonate
65 Silver Sulfadiazine is used almost exclusively in the treatment of ..
Burns
66Penicillin is effective in the treatment of all of the follow
Anthrax
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
DOES NOT TREAT TYPHOID
67What is parenteral administration only?
Methicillin Sodium (Staphcillin)
69 Patients who are sensitive to PCN may also be sensitive to Cephalosporins
True
70Milk and milk products may interfere with the absorption of which of the following drugs?
Tetracycline hydrochloride (Achromycin)
71Anti-tuberculosis agents
Isoniazid
Rifampin (Rifadin)
Streptomycin Sulfate
NOT CHLORAMPHENICOL
72What drug was developed with the sole purpose for being the treatment of Gonorrhea?
Spectinomycin hydrochloride
(Trobicin)
73 Undecylenic acid (Desenex) is used as a
fungicide
57 Aluminum acetate (Burrow's Solution) , an astrigent, may be used for
Poison Ivy
Athlete's Foot
External Otitis
74 In Addition to the treatment of Phthirus (pubis crab lice), what is effective in the treatment of scabies?
Lindane (Kwell, Gamma Benzene Hexachloride)
75Trichomonas vaginalis can be treated with?
Metronidazole (Flagyl)
76Drugs that destroy parasitic worms are known as ?
Vermicides
60The standard by which all other antiseptics is measure is
Phenol
77The parasiticide that will color stools bright red is?
Pyrvinium pamoate (Povan)
78 Supplemental potassium may be required for which of the following drugs?
Furosemide (Lasix)
79Drugs used in the treatment of congestive heart failure may include
Furosemide (Lasix)
80What drugs are contraindicated for a patient with peptic ulcer disease?
Ibuprofen (Motrin)
Aspirin
Anaprox
82 Death from an overdose of barbituates is caused by _____ failure
Respiratory
83 The drug of choice for management and treatment of grand mal seizures is?
Phenytoin Sodium (Dilantin)
84 Prochlorperizine (Compazine) is used mainly to
Treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting
85The drug therapy used to treat manic-depressive patients may include
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithane)
68 The drug of choice for uncomplicated group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis is
Penicillin V Potassium
(Pen-Vee K)
86Muscle relaxants include all of the following
Diazepam (Valium)
Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride (Flexeril)
Methocarbamol (Robaxin)
88 Digitoxin increase the force of cardiac contractions by acting on the
Heart muscle
87 Occasionally used for cardiac patients, the drug used primarily to prevent erections in post-circumcision adult males is
Amyl Nitrate
89 An appropriate drug to administer to a patient suffering from an asthma attack is
Epinephrine
90The agent used to treat pernicious anemia is
Cyanocobalamin (Vit B12)
91The drug often used in conjunction with Isoniazid therapy is
Pyridoxine hydrochloride
Vit B6
92 The vitamin deficiency associated with night blindness is
Vit A (Ritinol)
93 The vitamin involved in absorption of calcium and phosphorus
Vit D
94Pellegra is caused by a diet deficient in ..
Riboflavin (Vit B2)
95The general anesthesia agent most commonly used in dentistry is
Nitrous Oxide
96 What area of the body is Proparacaine hydrochloride most widely used as a topical anesthetic?
eyes
98 An antispasmotic also used in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease is
Propantheline bromide (Pro-Banthine)
99 Drugs that cause shrinking of the skin and mucous membranes are
Astrigents
97 Drugs that inhibit glandular secretions are known as
Parasympotholytics
81 What chapter of the MANMED deals with the usage of controlled substances?
21
100 what drug group is used to facilitate the passage and elimination of feces from the colon and rectum?
Laxatives
101Which of the following conditions may be an adverse side effect of Neomycin Sulfate?
Deafness
102The drug of choice in the treatment of pinworm and roundworm infections is
Pyrantel Pamoate (Antiminth)
103Which of the following drugs may be administered with Morphine to decrease its respiratory depressant effects?
Atropine Sulfate
104Beta-adrenergic blocking agents are used as a prophylaxis to treat?
Migraine headaches
Angina Pectoris
Hypertension
105What is a side effect of antihistamines?
drowsiness
106Which of the following drugs is administered to control motion sickness?
Meclizine Hydrochloride
107"Rx" Meas to take or take thou or in effect is
Superscription
108 What part of the perscription lists the names and quantities of the ingredients to be used
inscription
109What part of the prescription gives directions to the compounder?
Subscription
110What part of the prescription gives direction to the patient?
signa
111 How long are prescriptions kept on file after the date of issue?
2 years son!
112 What form is the prescription for eyewear annotated on?
DD771
113 Schedule of drug has maximum abuse potential with little or or no accepted medical usefulness?
Schedule I
114 This schedule has high abuse potential and accepted medical usefulness; abuse leads to severe psychological or physical dependence is known as
Schedule II
115 This schedule has a lessor degree of abuse potential with accepted medical usefulness; abuse leads to moderate dependence. (ie: Tylenol #3 or Fiorinal)
Schedule III
116What schedule has a low abuse potential, accepted medical usefulness and limited dependence problems?
Schedule IV
117 What schedule has low abuse potential (ie: Lomotil, ETH with Codeine)?
Schedule V
118 Polyprescriptions are written on NAVMED___
NAVMED 6710/6
119 Single prescriptions are written on
DD 1289
120 The Poison Overdose Andtidote book is identified as NAVMED___
NAVMED P-5095