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20 Cards in this Set

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-Theological position taken by someone in the church that is deemed threatening to the gospel.
-heretics excommunicated or killed by the state
-heretics helped people escape persecution and the church grew through creation of creeds
-Donatist heresy states that sacraments performed by a priest who comprimises under persecution are invalid
-pelagian heresy states that God gave man the right to choose between good/evil and sin is voluntary
Apostolic Authority
Letters and scriptures from authors of new testament cannon
-1st and 2nd century christians deemed these most valid because writers were alive during times of Jesus
-argument that God is good and just even though there is obervable pain in the world
-polythethistic theodicy argues that evil is from conflict between deities
-monotheistic says god made a perfect world that has been either corrupted by man or God withdrew after creation and let it fall
City of God/City of Man
Augustine's christian philosophical view of history which states that the city of man is real but city of God is more real
-c. o. man is temporal, c. o. god is eternal
-christians live in both of these cities
Great Schism
-split of east and west church over dating of easter and view of trinity
-East was oriental, orthodox and spoke greek (saw God as greater than Jesus and H.S)
-West was occidental/roman and spoke latin viewed trinity as God the creater and jesus being equal and the holy spirit working in conjunction as a result of both
Synod of Whitby
Disagreement between romans and celtics over the dating of easter
-Romans represented by Wildrid of Ripon followed St. Peter's dating
- Celtics represented by Bishop Coleman of Lidasfarne argued for St. John's dating
-Took place in Abbess Hilda monestary under King Auswe who sided with Rome (so not to offend Heavens gate keeper
-Roman influence spread to britain as a result
-Stems from Greek word "kanon" meaning rule or standard.
-by 4th century, a canon known as the scriptures were approved as christian doctrine/worship
-Christians recognize hebrew canon becase jesus proclaimed the authority of the law and prophesies, prophesized messiah and showed God's faithfulness to isreal,
-New Testament in 3 sections: gospel, bridge and epistles
Council of Nicea
-Council held by Constantine in 325 for 6 weeks discussed who Christ was
-council to argue against Arianism,
-Formed collection of apostle works called Nicene Creed which focues on God in three persons- Jesus born not created, Jesus and God are equal and divine
-Formulated early new testament
Person who chooses harsh lifestyle alone against culture to grow closer to god
ascteic lifestyle lived to escape mediocrity of faith in Christian Rome
Also known as desert mothers and fathers
Antony was an anchorite
Monks who lived in desert communities
Formed by anchorites tired to living alone- resulted in formation of monostaries
Cenobites valued obedience, humility, and silence.
Were disciplined, hard laborers and believed in divine office
Fourth Lateran Council
70 canons included
was "high water" mark of Pop Innocent III's rule
Church was Europes only stable intstitution
Approved doctrine of transubstantiation, sacred marriage, condemntion of heretics, banned new orders and required yearly confessions
led to power and control of church more consistent and consolidated
Great Ship
Chruch was viewed as the only ticket to heaven
was a ship of salvation
being on the ship ment being baptized and participating regularly in sacrements
Being excommunicated ment not going to heaven
Everyone on ship first stops at purgatory for their sins except the priests
fear of banishment from heaven increased the power of the church
A pagan religion that emphasizes the idea of esoteric knowledge as the only way to know truth
Dualistic (view good and evil as equal, physical=evil, spiritual= good
Says christ is divine redeemer who descended in only spiritual form
Edict of Milan
Constantine established official toleration of Christians, restored roman citizenship, doesn't make it official Roman religion
Grants religious freedom throughout Roman empireand ordered restution of Christian Property
More of a political move because of growing number of Christians
Augustines "Chain"
4 steps in response to dualistic corruption of the world
Habit is unresisted, hardens to compulsion, which bond and limites free will. Divided will causes the iron chain which made Augustine cold to Christianity
Greek for "i defend"
Apologetic is well-reasoned written or oral defense of the Christian Faith against philosophical or political critics
Two fold goal is to make case for Christianity and to refute heresy
Ex: augustine adn C.S. Lewis
Proposed by Arius of Alexandria who was bishop in egypt in 320
States that God is exalted, pure and eternal never to appear on earth and God produced Christ the Son out of nothing as his first and greatest creation
Jesus is unique because he was first created being, worth of worship but on lesser plane than god
Arius sought to defend the oneness of God against polytheism
Roman emperor in 306
made edict of milan in 313
Christianity becomes officail religion in Roman empire in 380 but Constantines legacy lasts for 1000 Years
Ended persecution, legalized christianity and arranged councils of Arles and Nicea
One of seven guiding principles of canonicity
says which texts must be included in the canon, in response to Marcion
Orthodoxy responds to heresy by sharpening its thinking
Celtics and Romans were unable to agree on orthodoxy beliefs and doctrine
Brief authoritative formula of religious beliefs.