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6 Cards in this Set

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5. Bicameral Legislature
A legislature with two houses, or chambers.
7. Bill of Rights
American History to 1865
The first ten amendments to the CONSTITUTION of the United States. Among other provisions, they protect the freedoms of speech, religion, assembly, and the press ,restrict governmental rights of search and seizure; and list several rights of persons accused of crimes. The constitution was accepted by many states for the reason that they were guaranteed a Bill of Rights.
8. Block Grants
Money givenby the national government to the state government. The state is allowed to do what it wants with block grants.
9. Categorial Grants
Money given to the state government from the national government. The state must use this money in whatever category they are told to use it in.
10. Checks and Balances
Different parts of the government check and balance other parts of the government in order to keep one branch from becoming too strong. This idea came from the European philosopher Charles Montesquieu.
11. Commerce Clause
Gives congress the power "to regulate Commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes." The national government has been able to find constitutional justification in these few words to regulate a wide range of human authroity.