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232 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nonviolence, everything is Brahman
ahimsa
nomads who moved into India and began Hindu relligion
Aryans
different states of Brahman
avatar
epic poem of feuding families
Bhagavad Gita
form of yoga trying to get closer to something (Brahman)
Bhakti yoga
the creator
Brahma
infinite reality of all beings (everything is this)
brahmin
caste stystem composed of Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (merchants), shudras (survants), Harijan (untouchables)
Varna
mothergoddess (many forms)
Devi
duty in life (most important)
dharma
belief in two opposing forces
dualism
embodiment of feminine energy and form of Devi
Durga
elephant head and human body...lost head in accident
Ganesh
most popular form of yoga, postures, positions, harmonizes and purifies body
Hatha Yoga
believe many gods exist, pray to only one select group of gods
Henotheism
1st history of Hinduism-gods created and established
Vedic Period
3rd history of Hinduism
Classical Period
4th history of Hinduism-muslims take over
Midevil Period
5th history of Hinduism-today
Modern Period
festival of water
Holi
largest gathering of people anywhere, ones every four years Hindu holiday
Kumbh Mela
celebrate trimurti
Navaratri
Hindu holiday, New Year, festival of Lights
Diwali
practiced ahimsa for rights of Indians
Gandhi
yoga of knowledge, implementing knowlege in your life
Juana Yoga
Devi's evil aspect, "the dark one", destroys evil
Kali
the substance that holds your soul down because of doing bad things
Karma
aspect of Devi, goddess of Light
Lakshmi
Hindu temple
Mandir
a form of yoga, chanting and reciting from the Vedas
Mantra Yoga
liberation from reincarnation, supreme end, enlightenment
moksha
the belief that thought, matter, energy are all the same
monism
the belief in only one god
Monotheism
A statue of a Hindu god
murti
sacred symbol of Hinduism, vibrations
Om
belief that god is in all things
Panentheism
the worship of many gods
Polytheism
Offering to a Hindu god
puja
the 4 aims of Hinduism including moksha, dharma, artha, kama
Purusharthas
all the Yogas together
Raja Yoga
the most important of the Vedas, 1000 hymns to gods
Rig Veda
state of reincarnation in Hinduism
samsara
philosophical material, holy book
Upanishads
the book the Bhagavad Gita is apart of
Mahabaharata
sect of Hinduism who things Vishnu is the true god, most popular branch (80% of Hindus)
Vaishnavism
the oldest books of Hinduism, 4 basic books
Vedas
sect of Hinduism that believes only Shiva is the true god
Shaivism
word for female power/energy in Hinduism, also a form of Devi
Skakti
Hindu denomination devoted to the worship of the goddess or divine female power
Shaktism
matter that the jiva gets attached to, bad
Ajiva
founded Jainsim through ascetic lifestyle
Mahavira
belief that the world cannot be understood in Jainism
Anekantavada
24 original founders of Jainism
Tirthankara
rejection of self to clear mind
ascetics
holy books of Jainism
Agamas
the three types of creation stories
duality, life out of death, cyclacle times
four common themes among supernatural beings
the creator, opposite of creator, start to become more human, gosd become in chargeof certain parts of life
the son is usually associated with ___; the moon is usually associated with ______
head god, males; counterpart, female
the most common disaster in religions
flood
believe the world has reated multiple times (creation theory)
cyclacle worlds
common elements in nature (usually links with direction)
earth, wind, water, fire
answers reason to misfortune
karma, punishment, Pandora's box, trickster
answers reason for death
punishment, fulfills destiny
reason why people believe in soul
something that makes you who you are, brings you to afterlife
most popular Jainist holiday, laymen acting like monks,
Paijusana
three duties of Sihkism
pray, work, give
long hair and beards (5 k's)
kesa
comb (5 k's)
Kangha
short trousers (5 k's)
kacha
steel bracelet (5 k's)
kara
steel daggar (5 k's)
kirpan
1st Guru of Sikhism, founder
Nanak
2nd Guru of Sikhism completed establishment of Amristar its capitol, completed book of Sikh scripture
Grur Arjan
3rd Guru of Sikhism, military focused in order to resist oppression
Guru Har Gobind
4th Guru of Sikhism, last Guru
Gobind Singh
Sikhs resist British oppression, many killed
Amritsar Massacre
Tibetan New Year
Losar
holiday that celebrates beginning of Buddha's teachings
Dharma day
holiday commemorating Buddha's death
Parinirvana
six of seven large feats of Zoroastrianism
Gahanbars
7th feast of Zoroastrianism
Noruz
holiday-birth of Zoroaster
Greater Noruz
Jewish period of worship starting from Sat. sundown
Sabboth
Jewish new year
Rush Hashanah
Jewish day of atonement
Yom Kippur
Jewish holiday celebrating plague passing over houses
Passover
Jewish thanksgiving harvest
Shavuot
person accredited for the basis of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Abraham
Combination of all Jewish holy books
Tanakh
five books of Moses, believe written by Abraham, genesis, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy, exodus
Torah
whos the coolest gal on earth????
STEFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Jewish prophets' works
Nevi'im
Jewish book of wisdom; lit and history
Khetuvium
Holy book of Zoroastrianism
the Avesta
oldest section of the avesta, contains gathas
The Avesta
Zoroatrianism-commontarise on old Avesta, myths, stories observances
Younger Avesta
Zoroatrianism-book of rituatls
Nasks
Zoroatrianism-the only book left from the Nasks
Vendidad
the large collection of Buddhist holy books (3 baskets), never been altered
the Triptika
one part of the triptika, written by monks
the vinaya pitaka
Buddhas teachings, one part of the triptika
Sutta Pitaka
one part of the triptika, philosophy and teachings
Abhidamma Pitaka
the Holy book of Sikhism, the forever living guru
Granth Sahib
Hindu book of moral/ethical ideas
Law of Manu
no known founder for this religion, oldest organized religion
Hinduism
What is religion?
Definition of higher power, base of morals--in return for something in the future
who's religion uses a raised hand with a swastika?
Jainism
this founder of a religion was born a prince, gave up this lifestyle to find happiness, lived ascetic lifestyle to clear mind and become a better person through extreme lifestyle
Mahavira - Jainism
this religion has two swords to represent worldy and spiritual powers; double edge sword to represent one god; and a circle for community (khanda)
Sikhism
which religion has a dharma wheel to symbolize cycle of life and 8 fold path
Buddhism
Originally Siddhartha, when he saw suffering and sickness for the first time(he was sheltered), try to find why people suffered. resolved to ascetic lifestyle but caused too much suffering, so found Middle Path
Buddha - Buddhism
symbol for this religion is a man looking right (for good), with bottom half "bird like" called Farohar
Zoroastrianism
founder of this religion, was a priest of polytheistic, visted by Amensha Spentas revealing belief in one god
Zoroaster
major symbol for this religion, star
Magen David - Judaism
process of harnessing nautre, "miracle"
magic
stories used to explain the world and the gods (morals)
myth
group connects itself to an animal
totem
honoring past family members
ancestor veneration
belief of spirits in all things
animism
trying to figure out nature by predicting the future
Divination
rituals that recognize religious responsibility (birth, marriage, puberty, death)
Rites of Passage
common things that all relgious people take part in (recreate history)
ritual
forbidden behavior
taboo
beginning of religion, burying dead with tools, flowers,food etc, surround graves with bear skulls
Neanderthal religion
buried dead with ornaments, bones painted red, skeleton in fetal position, art
Cro-Magnon religion
Originally Siddhartha, when he saw suffering and sickness for the first time(he was sheltered), try to find why people suffered. resolved to ascetic lifestyle but caused too much suffering, so found Middle Path
Buddha - Buddhism
symbol for this religion is a man looking right (for good), with bottom half "bird like" called Farohar
Zoroastrianism
founder of this religion, was a priest of polytheistic, visted by Amensha Spentas revealing belief in one god
Zoroaster
major symbol for this religion, star
Magen David - Judaism
process of harnessing nautre, "miracle"
magic
stories used to explain the world and the gods (morals)
myth
group connects itself to an animal
totem
honoring past family members
ancestor veneration
belief of spirits in all things
animism
trying to figure out nature by predicting the future
Divination
rituals that recognize religious responsibility (birth, marriage, puberty, death)
Rites of Passage
common things that all relgious people take part in (recreate history)
ritual
forbidden behavior
taboo
beginning of religion, burying dead with tools, flowers,food etc, surround graves with bear skulls
Neanderthal religion
buried dead with ornaments, bones painted red, skeleton in fetal position, art
Cro-Magnon religion
symbol of a fish..represents this religion
ichthys - Christianity
symbol of martyrdom of Christ..represents this religion
cross - Christianity
symbol of Jesus's death, not often used by Protestants..represents this religion
crucifix - Christianity
cross representing sign over jesus and slanted bar: heaven and hell..represents this religion
Crux orthoxa - Christianity
staff with "x" cross..represents this religion
Chi Rho - Christianity
believed to be the savior of Christianity, born in Bethlaham, grew up in Nazareth, died and rose to the dead, virgin birth
Jesus
a symbol representing concept of dualing elements..represents this religion
Taijitu (yin yang) - Taoism
founded this religion, visited by Gabrial and revealed revelations about God
Muhammad
cresant moon and star is a symbol for this religion...does not believe in icons/symbols
Islam
founded this religion, had a low level job in the Chinese government, created it to counter leagalism
Confucius - Confucianism
credited for major influence of this religion, came during Era of Warring states
Laozi - Taoism
direct word of God writtin in Arabic, holy book of this religion
Qur'an - Islam
Friday worship in Islam
Juma
end of Ramadan
Eid ul Fitr
End of Hajj
Eid ul Adha
Holy period in Islamic year, includes a month of fasting
Ramadan
holy book for this religion, contains Tanakh and gospels
Bible - Christianity
Jesus dies
Good Friday
Jeusus born
Christmas
Jesus rises
Easter
collection of Texts, most important book of religious Taoism
The Daozang
The book of the way, the most common book of Taoism
Tao Te Ching
the four holy books of Confucianism
Great learning, doctrine of the mean, analects, Mencius
Sikh holy capitol
Amritsar
Sikh holy temples
gurdwara
the five Sikh vices
lust, greed, attachment, anger, pride
the idea of non-extremes of any one thing because attachment causes suffering (desire)
The middle way
the four noble truths
acknowledge suffering, realize desire causes suffering, stopping desire (nirvana), ending desire/suffing (8 fold path)
the 3 Jewels/Fefuges of Buddhism
dharma, budda, sangha
5 precepts of buddhism
the "do nots"; do not kill, do not lsteal, do not lie, do not be unchaste, do not consume alcohol
collection of all Buddhist monks
Sangha
structure/temples symoblizing Buddhist teachings
Stupa
Buddhist ceremonial giving
Dana
Buddhist prayer beads
mala
buddhist multi-tiered place of worship
pagoda
Buddhist moral discipline
sila
Zoroastrianism 3 core beliefs/values
good deeds, good works, good thought
Zoroastrianism view of fire
sacred, represendts purity, came from natural gases in Prsia
Zoroastrian initiation ceremony
sedren
Process of Zoroastrian laying out the dead
body on tower to be eaten by vulture
the Zoroastrian God
Ahura Mazda
Ahura Mazda's evil counterpart
Angra Manu
The view of Zoroastrian goodness/halo.
Asha
The empire that made Zoroastrianism official religion
Achaemenians
The Zoroastrian promised savior
Saoshyant
Which conquerors reformed Zoroastrian calendar and unified church?
Sasanians
First priest of Judaism, helped Moses lead slaves out of Egypt
Aaron
Holy men of Sikhism
Udasis
The Sikh brotherhood
Khalsa
Sikh views of God
no gender, no form, everyone is equal before god, strives for relationship
Sikh origin
no agreed origion, has many hinuism and islam aspects, founded by gurus
Buddhist lifestyle
strive to be good person, no supernatural belief, perform dana ($) and sila (accepting buddhist teaching)
Things buddhists and hindus have in common
reincarnation, karma, dharma
Strict Buddhist sect
Theravada
Less extreme of Buddhist sects
Mahayana
Buddhist sand art to represent cosmos
Mandala
Iranian Branch of Zoroastrianism
Gabars
Indian branch of Zoroastrianism
Parsis
This man's army killed many Zoroastrian priests hurting the religion
Alexander the Great
Zoroastrianism was an influence on these religions ___
Christianity, Judaism, Islam
Most conservative Jewish sect, cannot change God's word
Orthodox Jews
Liberal Jewish sect, word of God "inspired"
Reformed Jews
Man who rejected father's polytheistic religion, God promised him kingdom if he left, named changed, married Sara
Abraham
Man who established Jerusalem
David
Who are Jews who desparately want and fight for a homeland?
Zionists
Son of Abraham and Sara almost sacrificed
Isaac
Jewish tradition of placing a scroll outside of home
Mezuzah
Jewish shawl of prayer warn over the shoulders
Tallit
Jewish garments to remind Jews of God's commandments
Tefflin
1054 this happened to create catholics and orthodox
Great Schism
Founded by Martin Luther, says pope has no authority, salvation by faith alone
Protestants
Monk who tried to reform Catholic Church, translated Bible
Martin Luther
When kings have power of king and pope
Caesaropapism
7 sacraments
baptism, penance and reconciliation, euchrist, anointing of sick, confirmation, holy orders, holy matrimony
"free interpretation of the bible"
The Solas
What is pietism?
Stress on the emotional and personal aspects of religion
What is evangelism?
Zealous preaching and dissemination of the gospel
What is pentecostalism?
being any of various Christian religious congregations whose members seek to be filled with the Holy Spirit
What is Fundamentalism?
The practice of strict biblical lifestyles
Founded Presbyterianism
John Calvin
Started Inquisition and Catholic reforms
Henry 8
First pope
Peter
Colletion of Muhammad's sayings
Hadith
5 pillars
recite allah is god, pray 5 times, directly giving $ to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, trip to Mecca
to take up sword to protect Islam, can be personal, verbal, physical, try to avoid fighting
Jihaad
More mystical branch of Islam
Sufi
The branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors of Muhammad. (Abu Bakr-friend of Muhammad)
Sunni
A member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali and his descendants as the legitimate successors to Muhammad and rejects the first three caliphs. Follow Ali (son-in-law)
Shia
Successor of the prophet Muhammad
Caliph
Any Islam leader
Imam
Muslims that call people to prayer
Muezzin
although his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Reformation, he opposed violence and condemned Martin Luther
Erasmus