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121 Cards in this Set

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Yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation containing high levels of progesterone and some estrogen.
corpus luteum
Functions as a temporary endocrine gland for the purpose of secreting estrogen and large amounts of progesterone, which wil sustain pregnancy, should it occur, until placenta forms.
corpus luteum
Pouch that is located between the uterus and rectum within the peritoneal cavity. this pouch is formed by 1 of the ligaments that serves as support to the uterus.
cul-de-sac
Lowest part of the abdominal cavity where blood, pus, and other drainage collect.
cul-de-sac
Inner lining of the uterus.
endometrium
One of the female hormones that promotes the development of the female secondary sex characteristics.
estrogen
One of a pair of tubes opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity, over the ovary.
fallopian tubes
The union of a male sperm and a female ovum
fertilization
The fringelike end of the fallopian tube.
fimbriae
A tense band of mucous membranes at the posterior rim of the vaginal opening: the oint at which the labia minora connect.
fourchette
The dome-shaped central, upper portion of the uterus between the points of insertion of the fallopian tubes.
fundus
A mature sperm or ovum
gamete
A gamete-producing gland, such as an ovary or a testis.
gonads
A mature, fully developed ovarian cyst containing the ripe ovum.
graafian follicles
Branch of medicine that deals with the sudy of diseases and disorders of the female reporductive system.
gynecology
Thin layer of elastic, connective tissue membrane that forms a border around the outer opening of the vagina and may partially cover the vaginal opening.
hymen
Two folds of hairless skin located within the folds of the labia majora. Extends from the clitoris, downward twoard the perineum.
labia minora
Two folds of skin containing fatty tissue & covered with hair that lie on either side of the vaginal opening, extending from the mons pubis to theperineum.
labia majora
Surgical removal of only the tumor and the immediate adjacent breast tissue; a method of tx for breast cancer when detected in the early stage of the disease.
lumpectomy
Female breasts
mammary glands
Surgical removal of the breast as a tx method for breast cancer.
mastectomy
Types of mastectomy
Simple (breast only)
modified radical (breast plus lymph nodes in axilla)
radical (breast, lymph nodes, and chest muscles on affected side.)
Inflammation of the breast.
mastitis
Onset of menstruation; the first menstrual period.
menarche
The permanent cessation (stopping) of the menstrual cycles.
menopause
Menstrual flow; menstruation
menorrhea
Periodic shedding of the lining of the nonpregnant uterus thru a bloody discharge that passes thru the vagina to the outside of the body.
menstruation
Muscular layer of the uterine wall.
myometrium
One of a pair of female goands responsible for producing mature ova and releasing them at monthly interval. also responsible for producing the female hormones, estrogen & progesterone.
ovary
The release of the mature ovum from the ovary, occurring approximately 14 days prior to the beginning of menses
ovulation
Female reporductive cell; female sex cell or egg.
ovum
Area between the vaginal orifice and the anus that consists of muscular and fibrous tissue and serves as support for the pelvic structures.
perineum
Period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception thru birth. The average pregnancy lasts approximately 40 weeks; also knows as gestational period.
pregnancy
Group of symptoms that include irritablility, fluid retention, tenderness of the breasts, and general felling of depression occurring shortly before the onset of menstruation; also called PMS
premenstrual sydrome
One of the female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum & the placenta. Primarily responsible for the changes that occur in the endometrium in anticipation of a fertilized ovum, & for development of the maternal placenta after implantation of a fertilized ovum.
progesterone
Period of life at which the ability to reproduce begins; that is in the female,it is the period when the female reporductive organs are fully developed.
puberty
Mature male germ cell; spermatozoon
sperm
Paired male gonads that produce sperm. They are suspended in the scrotal sac in the adult male.
testes
Hollow, pear-shped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum as it develops thru-out pregnancy. also the source of monthly menstrual flow from nonpregnant uterus.
uterus
Muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva. Approximately 3 inches long, and rests between the bladder and rectum.
vagina
External genitalia that consists of the mons pubis, labia majora, clitoris, labia minora, vestibule, urinary meatus, vaginal orifice, Bartholin's glands, & the perineum.
vulva
Another name for vulva
pudendum
Absence of menstrual flow.
amenorrhea
Painful menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea
Abnormally long or very heavy menstrual periods
menorrhagia
Uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual periods.
metrorrhagia
Abnormally light or infrequent menstruation.
oligomenorrhea
Methods used to prevent pregnancy.
contraception
Abstain from having vaginal intercourse.
abstinence
Birth control pills, contain synthetic forms of the hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and are taken daily by mouth.
Oral contraceptives
Form of contrception administered intramuscularly, approximately once every 12 weeks.
Depo-Provera injection
Monthly contraceptive injection
Lunelle injection
device that is a small plastic T-shaped object with strings attached to the let of the "T". Inserted into the uterus through the vagina, and remains inplace in the uterus.
intrauterine device (IUD)
Methods of birth control that place physical barriers between the cervix and the sperm so the sperm cannot pass the cervix and enter the uterus.
barrier methods
Flexible, circular rubber discs that fit over the cervix after being inserted through the vagina.
diaphram
inflammation of the cervix
cervicitis
Surgically cutting & tying the fallopian tubes to prevent passage of ova or sperm through the tubes.
tubal ligation
Surgically cutting and tying the vas deferens to prevent the passage of sperm.
vasectomy
Malignant tumor of the breast tissue.
carcinoma of the breast
carcinoma of the breast the originates in the mamary ducts. Most common type.
ductal carcinoma
Removal of only the tumor and the immediate adjacent breast tissue.
lumpectomy
Only the breast is removed
simple mastectomy
Breast is removed and the lymph nodes in the axilla.
modified radical mastectomy
Breast, chest muscles, and lymph nodes in axilla are removed.
radical mastectomy
Malignant tumor of the cervix. One of the most common malignancies of the female reproductive tract.
cervical carcinoma
When a cancer just sits there.
carcinoma in situ
Used to detect early changes in the cervical tissue. Consists of obtaining scrapings from the cervix & examining them under a microscope.
Papanicolaou smear
(Pap smear)
Acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix.
cervicitis
Procedure of freezing eroded tissue.
cryosurgery
Herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina.
cystocele
Malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus; also known as adenocarcinoma of the uterus.
endometrial carcinoma
Enlarging the cervical opening and scraping tissue cells from the uterine ling for sampling.
dilatation and curettage
Removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
hysterectomy
Presence and growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium (lining of uterus)
endometriosis
Presence of single or multiple fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts.
fibrocystic breast disease
Benign, fibrous tumor of the uterus.
fibroid tumor
Benign, smooth muscle tumor of the uterus.
leiomyoma
Malignant tumor of the ovaries.
ovarian carcinoma
Benign, globular sacs (cysts) that form on or near the ovaries. May be fluid filled or they may contain semisolid material.
ovarian cysts
Infection of the fallopian tubes; also know as salpingitis.
pelvic inflammatory disease
(PID)
Another name for pelvic inflammatory disease
(PID)
salpingitis
Potentially fatal condition caused by toxin-producing strains of the bacteris, staphylococcus aureus.
toxic shock syndrome
Inflammation of the fagina and the vulva.
vaginitis
Three most common types of vaginitis.
candidiasis
trichomoniasis
bacterial vaginosis
Invasive procedure in which a needle is inserted into an area of the body, such as the breast to w/draw a tissue or fluid sample for microscopic exam & dx.
aspiration biopsy
Procedure in which the woman examines her breasts and surrounding tissue for evidence of any changes that could indicate the possibility of malignancy.
breast self-examination
Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope.
colposcopy
Surgical removal of a cone-shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or tx; also known as a cone biopsy.
conization
Surgical puncuture thru the posterior wall of the vagina into the cul-de-sac to w/draw intraperitonial fluid for examination.
culdocentesis
Dilatation or widening of the cervical canal with a dilator, followed by scraping of the uterine ling with a curet
dilatation and curettage
D & C
Invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue with a small curet, for examination.
endometrial biopsy
X-ray of the uterus and the fallopian tubes, by injecting a contrast material into these structures.
hysterosalpingography
Process of viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope (a thin-walled flexible tube with a telescopic lens and light).
laparoscopy
Process of examining with x-ray the soft tissue of the breast to detect various benign and/or malignant growths before they can be felt.
mammography
Pap smear classification
Absence of atypical or abnormal cells (negative)
Class I
Pap smear classification
Atypcial cells present, but no evidence of malignancy (usually caused by cervical inflammation)
Class II
Pap smear classification
Cytology suggestive of, but not conclusive for malignancy
Class III
Pap smear classification
Cytology strongly suggestive of malignancy
Class IV
Pap smear classification
Cytology conclusive for malignancy
Class V
Noninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine the abdomen and pelvis.
pelvic ultrasound
Process of measuring the female pelvis, manually or by x-ray, to determine its adequacy for childbearing.
pelvimetry
AB
abortion
CIS
carcinoma in situ
Cx
cervix
D&C
dilatation and curettage
ECC
endocervical curettage
EMB
endometrial biopsy
ERT
estrogen replacement therapy
GYN
gynecology
HSG
hysterosalpingography
IUD
intrauterine device
LH
luteinizing hormone
LMP
last menstrual period
LSO
left salpingo-oophorectomy
Pap
Papanicolaou smear
Path
pathology
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
RSO
right salpingo-oophorectomy
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TVH
total vaginal hysterectomy