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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pianississimo
very, very, soft
pianissimo
very soft
piano
soft
mezzo piano
medium soft
mezzo forte
medium loud
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
fortississimo
very, very loud
crescendo
gradually louder
diminuendo
gradually softer
forte piano
loud then immediately soft
cantabile
in a singing manner
con brio
with spirit
con fuoco
with fire
dolce
gently, sweetly
doloroso
sadly, sorrowfully
espressivo
expressively
--etto
little
giocoso
humorous
grazioso
gracefully
--ino
little
leggiero
lightly
meno
less
molto
much,very
pesante
heavily, ponderously
piu
more
poco
little
robusto
boldly, robustly
scherzando
playful
sempre
always
senza
without
simile
in a similar manner
spirititoso
spirited
subito
suddenly
tranquillo
peacefully,tranquil,calm
adagio
slow
allegro
fast
allegretto
somewhat fast
andante
walking tempo
andantino
slightly faster than andante
animato
animated, with spirit
con moto
with motion
largo
stately, broad, a very slow tempo
lento
slow
moderato
moderately
presto
very fast
vivace
lively, quick
vivo
lively
accelerando
gradually faster
allargando
broadening, gradually slower
a tempo
return to the original tempo
meno mosso
less motion, slower
piu mosso
more motion, faster
rallentando
gradually slower
ritardando
gradually slower
ritenuto
held back, suddenly slower
accent
strong emphasis
legato
smooth, connected
sforzando
sudden strong accent
sostenuto
sustained, legato
staccato
short, detached
tenuto
hold full value; slight emphasis
1st section of Sonata-Allegro Form
Exposition section
A. first theme (tonic key)
B. second theme (dominant key)
C. closing theme (optional)
2nd section of Sonata-Allegro Form
Development section
Themes are presented in new keys. New themes may be added.
3rd section of Sonata-Allegro Form
Recapitulation section
A. first theme (tonic key)
B. second theme (tonic key)
C. closing theme (optional)