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111 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allargando (allarg.)
getting broader, slower
assai
very
calando
gradually diminishing in volume and tempo
con brio
with vigor, energetic
flautando
bow lightly over the fingerboard
ma non troppo
but not too much
martele
very strongly accented, sharp attack with clean stop
mordent
~m~
morendo
gradually decreasing in volume, dying away
punta d'arco
at the tip of the bow
rubato
flexible tempo; rhythmically free
sautille
bouncing bow, rapid spiccato, very close to string
solo
one player to a part (soloist's entry in orchestra)
stringendo
accelerating the tempo, gradually getting faster
sul Ponticello
bow near the bridge
sul tasto (Italian)
bow lightly over the fingerboard
turn
~
tutti
all (complete section plays in orchestra)
andantino
not as slow as andante
attacca
next section folows without break
colle
press, then lift the bow
enharmonics
notes that sound the same but are written differently
harmonic
flute-like tone produced by touching the string lightly
largo
extremely slow, stately, broadly
lento
very slow, not as slow as largo
l'istesso tempo
same tempo as prevoiusly
loco
return to the written pitch after 8va
maestoso
majestic
octava (8va-----)
play an octave higher than written
pesante
heavy
porato
several notes are separated slightly within a slur
simile
in a like manner, the same way
allegretto
not as fast as allegro, with a lightness of style
appoggiatura
(little 8th note)(quarter note)=(two 8th notes)
arpeggio
tones of a chord that are played melodically
cantabile
singing style
coda
ending passage of a composition
marcato
emphasized, stressed, marked
molto
much, very
phrase
natural division of the melodic line
poco a poco
little by little
presto
extremely fast
relative major and minor keys
keys with the same key signature (C Major, A minor)
sempre
always
sostenuto
sustained
subito
suddenly
theme
musical motive that serves as the basis of a piece
tranquillo
calm
trill
tr (shakes)
vibrato
rocking motion of left hand to vary the pitch slightly
a tempo
return to regular speed
crescendo (cresc.)
gradually get louder
decrescendo (decresc.)
gradually get softer
diminuendo (dim.)
gradually get softer
fermata
(birds eye) hold longer, pause
forte
f loud
legato
smooth bowing, no pause between notes
piano
p soft
ritardando (rit.)
slowing gradually
staccato
detached, stopped bows on the string
accent
play with emphasis
arco
play with the bow
fortissimo
ff very loud
mezzo forte
mf medium loud
mezzo piano
mp medium soft
pianissimo
pp very soft
pizzicato (pizz.)
pluck the string
slur
connects two or more different notes in one bow
tie
connects two or more of the same notes in one bow
accelerando (accel.)
gradually getting faster
allegro
fast, quick and lively tempo
andante
moderately slow, at a walking tempo
D.C. al Fine
return to the beginning, play to the end ("Fine")
D.S. al Fine (~S~)
return to the sign, play to the end ("Fine")
dolce
sweetly
forte-piano
fp loud, then immediately soft
moderato
medium tempo
rallentando (rall.)
becoming gradually slower
sforzando
sfz suddenly accented, forced
adagio
slow tempo, slower than andante
con sordino
with the mute
concerto
piece for a soloist with orchestral accompaniment
detache
slight pause between notes, one note per bow
etude
study or exercise stressing a technical problem
grazioso
gracefully
interval
the distance between two notes
leggiero
light, graceful
meno mosso
less motion, slower
piu mosso
more motion, faster
senza sordino
without the mute
spiccato
bow is bounced, clearly articulated
tenuto
sustained, hold for full value
Tonic (I)
first note of a scale, pitch on which a key is centered
vivace
very fast, vivacious and full of life
order of sharps
F# C# G# D# A# E# B#
order of flats
Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb
order of sharp Major scales including C major
C,G,D,A,E,B,F#,C#
order of flat Major scales including C major
C,F,Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb
three enharmonic major scales
C#/Db, F#/Gb, B/Cb
order of sharp minor scales including a minor
a,e,b,f#,c#,g#,d#,a#
order of flat minor scales including a minor
a,d,g,c,f,Bb,eb,ab
three enharmonic minor scales
a#/Bb, d#/eb, g#/ab
how to write order of sharps in BASS CLEF?
down 4, up 5, until A# which is placed on lower space, then continue pattern
how to write order of flats in BASS CLEF?
start low Bb, up 4, down 5 straight w/o break
how to write order of sharps in TREBLE CLEF?
start upper F#, down 4, up 5, until A# which is on lower space
how to write order of flats in TREBLE CLEF?
straight starting on Bb, up 4, down 5
how to write order of sharps in TENOR CLEF?
start lower F#, go up five, down four, straight
how to write order of flats in TENOR CLEF?
start at middle Bb, up 4, down 5 straight
four major periods of music history and three famous composers from each
baroque--vivaldi/telemann/bach, classical--haydn/beethoven/mozart, romantic--schumann/schubert/chopin/tchaikovsky, and 20th century--stravinsky/rachmaninoff/shostakovich
the four sections of a symphony orchestra
strings, winds, brass, percussion
four 20th/21st century concert performers that play cello, 2 for violin and viola
cello--yo-yo ma/leonard rose/jacqueline du pre/hannah chang, violin--sarah chang/joshua bell, viola--joseph de pasquale/cynthia phelps