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24 Cards in this Set

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ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID (Aspirin)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
81mg chewable tablet

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)

Platelet inhibition

Adult: 4 chewable tabs total(324mg)
Peds: Not recommended
ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID (Aspirin)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
By mouth - chew & swallow

None

Allergy to aspirin, NSAIDS or currently taking Coumadin
(Warfarin sodium)
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL (Actidose)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
25 grams in 4 ounces

Adsorbant

Inhibits gastrointestinal absorption of toxic substances

Adult: 50 grams as a suspension in water
Peds: 1 gm/kg as a suspension in water, not to exceed adult dose.
min. dose 10 gm
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL (Actidose)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Swallowed with water

May cause nausea and vomiting

Altered mental status; ingestion of acids, alkalis or petroleum distillates; inability to swallow, previous administration of an emetic
ADENOSINE (Adenocard)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
6 mg/2ml

Antiarrhythmic

Slows conduction through the AV node & can interupt re-entry pathways

Adult: 6 mg; 2nd dose: 12 mg if the first dose was unsucessful within 12 minutes
Peds: 0.1 mg/kg, not to exceed 6 mg; 2nd dose 0.2 mg/kg not to exceed 12mg, if the first dose is unsucessful within 1-2 mins.
ADENOSINE (Adenocard)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Rapid IV Push

Facial flushing, headache, sweating, palpatations, and chest pain.

2nd or 3rd degree AV block or sick sinus syndrome unless patient witha functional artificial pacemaker. Atrial Flutter & Atrial Fibrillation. Repeat doses of Adenosine are not indicated if the dysrhythmia reoccurs after conversion. Alternate pharmalogical therapy may be necessary.
ALBUTEROL (Proventil)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
2.5 mg/3ml unit dose

Sympathomemetic

Bronchodilator

Adult: 2.5 mg in 3.0 ml(0.083% solution) for nebulizer.Continue treatments until clinical conditions improve.
Peds: Same as Adult dose.
ALBUTEROL (Proventil)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Inhalation by oxygen nebulization

Tachycardia, Palpatations, anxiousness, & headache

Hypersensitivity to this drug
AMIODARONE (Cordarone)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
150 mg/3 ml

Antiarrhythmic

Supresses ventricular ectopy; Increases ventricular fibrillation threshold

Adult: 300 mg
Peds: 5 mg/kg
AMIODARONE (Cordarone)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
IV or IO

Seizures, respiratory depression, dizziness, restlessness, confusion, tinnitus, blurred vision, numbness, muscle twitching, hypotension, bradycardia, heart block, nausea and vomiting.

Hypersensitivity to the drug, cardiogenic shock, high grade AV block, marked sinus bradycardia or bradycardia with ventricular escape beats.
ATROPINE SULFATE
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
1 mg/10 ml

Parasympathetic blocker

Cholingeric blocking agent; Increases rate of SA node discharge; Increases conduction through AV node

Adult: 0.5 - 1.0 mg every 3-5 minutes to a maximum dose of 0.04 mg/kg
Peds: 0.02 mg/kg may repeat once in 5 minsutes. Minimum dose 0.1 mg;
maximum dose .04 mg/kg
ATROPINE SULFATE
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
IV or IO. ETT dose: 2 to 2.5 times IV dose

None

None
BRONCHODILATOR METERED DOSE INHALER
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
Dependent on medication (e.g. Proventil, Alupent, Ventolin)

Sympathomimetic

Bronchodilator

Adult: Administer as prescribed
Peds: Administer as prescribed
BRONCHDILATOR METERED DOSE INHALER
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Inhalation

Tachycardia, palpatations, anxiousness & headache

Hypersensitivity to this drug
CALCIUM CHLORIDE
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
1 g/10 ml

Electrolyte

Increases myocardial contractility, Increases myocardial excitability; Decreases heart rate

Adult: 10 ml(1.0 gram) of 10% solution
Peds: 20 mg/kg (0.2 mg/kg of 10% soultion)
CALCIUM CHLORIDE
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Slow IV Push

None

Patients receiving digitalis
DIAZEPAM (Valium)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
10 mg/2 ml

Antianxiety / Anticonvulsant

CNS Depressant

Adult: 5 mg initial dose. 5 mg repeat doses, titrating for effect
Peds: IV/IO Dose:0.3 mg/kg to a maximum dose of 10 mg
Rectal Dose: 0.5 mg/kg via #8 french pediatric feeding tube or tuberculin syringe to a maximum dose of 10 mg
DIAZEPAM (Valium)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECT:
CONTRINDICATIONS:
Adult: Slow IVP over 2 minutes.
Peds: The most rapid available route is rectal then IV or IO

Drowsiness, slurred speech, transient hypotension, blurred vision,nausea & vomiting, respiratory depression

Hypersensitivity to this drug, hypotension
DIPHENHYDRAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
(Benadryl)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
50 mg/ml

Antihistamine

Blocks histamine receptors;
Has some sedative effects; Anticholinergic

Adult: 50 mg
Peds: 1 mg/kg, not to exceed 50 mg
DIPHENHYDRAMINE HYDRACHLORIDE
(Benadryl)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
IV or deep IM

Sedation,Palpitations, dcreased blood pressure, headache, dries (thickens) bronchial secretions, blurred vision

Hypersensitivity to this drug
DOPAMINE HYDRPCHLORIDE (Intropin)
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
40O mg/5 ml (400mg/250ml Pre mix bag)

Sympathomimetic

Positive inotrope with dose-related vascular effects

Adult: 5-20 mcg/kg/min
Peds: Not recommended for use in children
DOPAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE (Intropin)
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
IV

Ventricular tachycardia, ectopic beats, nausea and vomiting,dyspnea, hypertension and extreme vasoconstriction may occur with high infusion rates, and hypotension may occur in low infusion rates

Hypovolemic shock
EPINEPHRINE
FORM:
CLASS:
ACTION:
DOSE:
1 mg/1 ml(1:1000), 1 mg/ 10 ml (1:10,000)

Sympathomimetic

Bronchodilation; Positive Chronotrope, Positive Inotrope

Adult: 0.5 - 1.0 mg
Peds: Cardiac Arrest: 0.01 mg/kg; Anaphylaxis: 0.01 mg/kg; Croup: 3-5 mg (3-5 ml)
1:1000 via nebulizer
EPINEPHRINE
ROUTE:
SIDE EFFECTS:
RELITIVE CONTRAINDICATIONS:
IV, IM, SQ, IO, ETT Dose: 2-2.5 times IV Dose.

Palpitation due to tachycardia or ectopic beats, may produce arrhythmia if cardiac arrest present, elevation of blood pressure, headache, anxiousness

Underlying cardiovascular disease / angina, hypertension, pregnancy, patient over 40 years of age, hypothyroidism