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51 Cards in this Set

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what is the avg. newborn weight, weight at their 1st birthday,weight @ 24 months and what % is this of their adult weight?
avg newborn weight: 7 lbs.
1st bday: 22lbs
24 months: 30lbs
15- 20% of their adult weight
what is the avg. newborn length?
length @ 1st bday?
length @ 24 months?
what % of their adult height?
avg newborn length: 20 in.
1st bday:30 in
24 months: 32-36 in.
%: 50%
What is the most critical part of biosocial development?
Brain Growth
When are most of the neurons in a newborn created and where are most of them located?
before birth ; 70 % are located in the areas of the Cortex.
brain functions that require basic common experiecnces which the infant can expect to have in order to grow, such as some kind of communication, these experiences MUST happen
Experience Expectant
brain functions that depend on particular and variable experiences in order to grow, such as communication in the own native language; these experiences MIGHT happen
Experience Dependent
what is the MOST acute sense at birth?
what sense is the least developed at birth?
what is the reflex that maintains oxygen supply?
What are the reflexes that manage feeding in which it causes babies to suck anything that brushes their cheek?
the sucking and rooting
what can the avg infant do by 8-10 months?
what can the avg infant walk w/ assistance?
9 months
when can the avg infant walk unassisted?
12 months
the avgh infant can reach for, grab at, and hold almost any approx. sized object at what age?
6 months
when can the avg infant infant coordinate both hand to enclose a larger object?
between 11 and 12 months
a process that stimulates the body's immune system to defend against attack by contagious diseases; it is the most important factor in controlling infant mortality rates and population growth
what did the World Health Organization recommend infants be fed with and for how long before other foods were added in?
breastmilk for 4 to 6 months
the process of taking new info into the mind by incorporating it into previously developed mental categories; anything infront of them can be grasped
the process of taking new info into the mind in such a way as to readjust, refine, or expand previous mental categories; they can only grasp certain things
in the sensorimotor STAGE 1. what is the age and what ar ethe cahracteristics?
reflexes: sucking , grasping, staring, listening
what are the characterisiticsin STAGE 2?
2-4 months: First Aquired Adaptation; the infant sucks froma pacifier differently than from a nipple, grabs the bottle to suck on it
What are the characterisitcs in STAGE 3?
4-8 months: an awareness of things, responds to people and objects
what are the characterisitcs of STAGE 4?
New adaptation and anticipation; object permanence
what are the characteristics of STAGE 5?
active experimentation; considered "little scientists"
what are the characteristics of STAGE 6?
new means through mental combinations
a perspective that compares human thinking processes, by analogy, to computer analysis of data
information processing
an opportunity for perception & interaction that is offered by people, places, and objects of the environment
children around the world follow the same sequence of early language development, but they differ in timing and depth of linguistic ability
what is the spoken language of newborns?
cries, movements, facial expressions
waht is the spoken language of infants 3-6 months?
squeals, growls, croons, and vowel sounds
what is the spoken language of 6-10 month olds?
babbling, consonant and vowel sounds
what is the spoken language of 12 month olds?
first spoken words
what is the spoken language of an 18 month old?
vocab spurt- 3 or more words learned per day
what is responsible for the innate human ability to learn language?
infants communicate in every way they can b/c humans are social beings
social pragmatic theory
what is the most obvious emotion in babies?
fear of unfamiliar people; begins at 6 months and if full blown by 10 - 14 months
fear of abandonment when the caregiver goes away even for a few minutes; stongest at 9-14 months
separation anxiety
individual differences in emotional, motor, and attentional reactivity and self-regulation, which is primarily genetic.
laugh or cry hard, or merely smmile or whimper
intensity of reactions
react to all sensory stimulation or seem obvious
threshold of responsiveness
what is the percent of infants who are "easy", "slow to warm up" and "difficult"?
40% are easy, 15% were slow to warm up, and 10% were difficult.
what percentage of children were unable to be classified?
a smooth, coordinated interaction b/w caregiver & infant, beginning at about 3 months.
the infant seeks info about an unfamiliar or ambiguous object or event by observing someone else's expressions and reactions
social referencing
the mother-child relationship is crutial, with strong consequences if something goes wrong
psychoanalytic theory
emotions and personality are modeled as parents reinforce or punish spontaneous behaviors
early family experiences are important primarily bc our thoughts, perceptions, and memories make them so in developing concepts of the world
cognitive theory
the entire social context can have a major impact on infant-caregiver relationships
sociocultural theory
a long lasting, enduring affectional tie that one person ot animal forms bw himmself and another specific person or animal
hads been used to measure an infants attachment to a caregiver by evoking the childs reactions to somewhat stressful conditions
strange situation