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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
the substance present in a smaller amount.
the subtance present in a larger amount
Aqueous Solution
the solute initially is a liquid or a solid and the solvent is water.
substance that, when dissolved in water, results in a solution that can conduct electricity.
does not conduct electricity when dissolved in water.
the process in which an ion is surrounded by water molecules arranged in a specific manner.
Reversible reaction
the reaction can occur in both directions.
Preipitation Reaction
results in the formation of an insoluble product, or precipitate.
an insoluble solid that separates from the solution
Methathesis Reaction (double displacement reaction)
a reaction that involves the exchange of parts between the two compounds
the maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in a given quantity of solvent at a specific temperature.
Molecular Equation
the formulas of the compounds are written as though all species existed as molecular or whole units.
Ionic Equation
shows dissolved species as free ions.
Spectator Ions
ions that are not involved in the overall reaction.
Net Ionic Equation
shows only the species that actually take part in the reaction.
Bronsted Acid
Proton donor
Bronsted Base
Proton acceptor
Hydronuim Ion
Hydrated proton.
Monoprotic Acids
each unit of the acid yields one hydrogen ion upon ionization
Diprotic Acid
each unit of the acid gives up two H+ ions, in two seperate steps.
Triprotic Acids
yeild three H+ ions.
Nuetralization Reaction
a reaction between an acid and a base.
an ionic compound made up of a cation other than H+ and an anion other than OH- or O 2-
Oxidation Reduction
electron transfer reactions
Half Reaction
explocitly shows the electrons involved in a redox reacton
Oxidation reactions
half reaction that involves loss of electrons
Reduction reactions
half reaction that involves gain of electrons
Reducing Agents
donates elections to other elements
Oxidizing agent
accepts electrons from other element
Oxidation number (Oxidation states)
the number of charges thae ataom would have in a molecule ( or an ionic) if electrons were transferred completely.
Combonation reaction
a reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product.
Decomposition Reaction
the breakdown of a compound into two or more components.
Combustion reactions
a reaction in which a substance reacts with oxygen, usually with the release of a heat and light to produce a flame.
Displacement Reactions
an ion (or atom) in a compound is replaced by an ion (or atom) of another element.
disproportionaltion reaction
an element in one oxidation state is simultaneously oxidized and reduced.