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43 Cards in this Set

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How do you find percent dissociation?
molarity of H+ over the initial molarity time 100%
What is the quadratric formula?
x=(-b+ or - squ(b^2 + 4ac))/2a
What are some weak acids?
Phosphoric acid- H3PO4
Nitrous acid- HNO2
Hypochlorous acid-HOCl
acetic acid- CH3COOH or HC2H3O2
benzoic acid-C6H5COOH
5
What are some strong acids?
Sulfuric acid- H2SO4
Hydrochloric acid-HCl
nitric acid-HNO3
perchloric acid-HClO4
4
Strong bases
NaOH sodium hydroxide
KOH potassium hydroxide
all the elements in the first group and alkaline metals(Ca(OH)2) paired with Hydroxide.
`4
Weak bases?
Ammonia-NH3
Methylamine-CH3NH2
Ethylamine-C2H5NH2
Aniline-C6H5NH2
Pyridine-C5H5N
5
How do you find Pka?
-log Ka=Pka
What is the Henderson equation?
pH=Pka + log (A-/HA)
5% rule? when can it be used?
If Ka is greater than or equal to 10^-4 it cannot be used. I can be used if Ka is less than or equal to 10^-6. It is also fine for acetic acid.
What is ammonium?
[NH4]+
What is nitrite?
[NO2-
What is Nitrate
[NO3]-
What is sulfite?
[SO3]2-
Sulfate?
[SO4]2-
Hydrogren Sulfate or Bisulfate?
[HSO4]-
Hydroxide?
[OH]-
cyanide?
[CN]-
phosphate
[PO4]3-
hydrogen phosphate
[HPO4]2-
dihydrogen phosphate
[H2PO4]-
carbonate
[CO3]2-
Hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate
[HCO3]-
hypochlorite
[ClO]-
chlorite
{ClO2}-
chlorate
[ClO3]-
perchlorate
[ClO4]-
acetate
[C2H3O2]-
permanganate
[MnO4]-
dichromate
[CrO7]2-
chromate
[CrO4]2-
peroxide
[O2]2-
Hydrofluoric acid
HF
Hydrochloric acid
HCl
Hydrobromic acid
HBr
hydroiodic acid
HI
Hydrocyanic acid
HCN
Hydrosulfuric acid
H2S
nitric acid
HNO3
nitrous acid
HNO2
Sulfuric acid
H2SO4
sulfurous acid
H2SO3
phosphoric acid
H3PO4
acetic acid
HC2H3O2